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path: root/lib/rdoc/parser/ruby.rb
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##
# This file contains stuff stolen outright from:
#
#   rtags.rb -
#   ruby-lex.rb - ruby lexcal analyzer
#   ruby-token.rb - ruby tokens
#       by Keiju ISHITSUKA (Nippon Rational Inc.)
#

require 'e2mmap'
require 'irb/slex'

require 'rdoc/code_objects'
require 'rdoc/tokenstream'
require 'rdoc/markup/preprocess'
require 'rdoc/parser'

$TOKEN_DEBUG ||= nil
#$TOKEN_DEBUG = $DEBUG_RDOC

##
# Definitions of all tokens involved in the lexical analysis

module RDoc::RubyToken

  EXPR_BEG   = :EXPR_BEG
  EXPR_MID   = :EXPR_MID
  EXPR_END   = :EXPR_END
  EXPR_ARG   = :EXPR_ARG
  EXPR_FNAME = :EXPR_FNAME
  EXPR_DOT   = :EXPR_DOT
  EXPR_CLASS = :EXPR_CLASS

  class Token
    NO_TEXT = "??".freeze

    attr_accessor :text
    attr_reader :line_no
    attr_reader :char_no

    def initialize(line_no, char_no)
      @line_no = line_no
      @char_no = char_no
      @text    = NO_TEXT
    end

    def ==(other)
      self.class == other.class and
        other.line_no == @line_no and
        other.char_no == @char_no and
        other.text == @text
    end

    ##
    # Because we're used in contexts that expect to return a token, we set the
    # text string and then return ourselves

    def set_text(text)
      @text = text
      self
    end

  end

  class TkNode < Token
    attr :node
  end

  class TkId < Token
    def initialize(line_no, char_no, name)
      super(line_no, char_no)
      @name = name
    end
    attr :name
  end

  class TkKW < TkId
  end

  class TkVal < Token
    def initialize(line_no, char_no, value = nil)
      super(line_no, char_no)
      set_text(value)
    end
  end

  class TkOp < Token
    def name
      self.class.op_name
    end
  end

  class TkOPASGN < TkOp
    def initialize(line_no, char_no, op)
      super(line_no, char_no)
      op = TkReading2Token[op] unless Symbol === op
      @op = op
    end
    attr :op
  end

  class TkUnknownChar < Token
    def initialize(line_no, char_no, id)
      super(line_no, char_no)
      @name = char_no.chr
    end
    attr :name
  end

  class TkError < Token
  end

  def set_token_position(line, char)
    @prev_line_no = line
    @prev_char_no = char
  end

  def Token(token, value = nil)
    tk = nil
    case token
    when String, Symbol
      source = String === token ? TkReading2Token : TkSymbol2Token
      raise TkReading2TokenNoKey, token if (tk = source[token]).nil?
      tk = Token(tk[0], value)
    else
      tk = if (token.ancestors & [TkId, TkVal, TkOPASGN, TkUnknownChar]).empty?
             token.new(@prev_line_no, @prev_char_no)
           else
             token.new(@prev_line_no, @prev_char_no, value)
           end
    end
    tk
  end

  TokenDefinitions = [
    [:TkCLASS,      TkKW,  "class",  EXPR_CLASS],
    [:TkMODULE,     TkKW,  "module", EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkDEF,        TkKW,  "def",    EXPR_FNAME],
    [:TkUNDEF,      TkKW,  "undef",  EXPR_FNAME],
    [:TkBEGIN,      TkKW,  "begin",  EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkRESCUE,     TkKW,  "rescue", EXPR_MID],
    [:TkENSURE,     TkKW,  "ensure", EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkEND,        TkKW,  "end",    EXPR_END],
    [:TkIF,         TkKW,  "if",     EXPR_BEG, :TkIF_MOD],
    [:TkUNLESS,     TkKW,  "unless", EXPR_BEG, :TkUNLESS_MOD],
    [:TkTHEN,       TkKW,  "then",   EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkELSIF,      TkKW,  "elsif",  EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkELSE,       TkKW,  "else",   EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkCASE,       TkKW,  "case",   EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkWHEN,       TkKW,  "when",   EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkWHILE,      TkKW,  "while",  EXPR_BEG, :TkWHILE_MOD],
    [:TkUNTIL,      TkKW,  "until",  EXPR_BEG, :TkUNTIL_MOD],
    [:TkFOR,        TkKW,  "for",    EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkBREAK,      TkKW,  "break",  EXPR_END],
    [:TkNEXT,       TkKW,  "next",   EXPR_END],
    [:TkREDO,       TkKW,  "redo",   EXPR_END],
    [:TkRETRY,      TkKW,  "retry",  EXPR_END],
    [:TkIN,         TkKW,  "in",     EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkDO,         TkKW,  "do",     EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkRETURN,     TkKW,  "return", EXPR_MID],
    [:TkYIELD,      TkKW,  "yield",  EXPR_END],
    [:TkSUPER,      TkKW,  "super",  EXPR_END],
    [:TkSELF,       TkKW,  "self",   EXPR_END],
    [:TkNIL,        TkKW,  "nil",    EXPR_END],
    [:TkTRUE,       TkKW,  "true",   EXPR_END],
    [:TkFALSE,      TkKW,  "false",  EXPR_END],
    [:TkAND,        TkKW,  "and",    EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkOR,         TkKW,  "or",     EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkNOT,        TkKW,  "not",    EXPR_BEG],
    [:TkIF_MOD,     TkKW],
    [:TkUNLESS_MOD, TkKW],
    [:TkWHILE_MOD,  TkKW],
    [:TkUNTIL_MOD,  TkKW],
    [:TkALIAS,      TkKW,  "alias",    EXPR_FNAME],
    [:TkDEFINED,    TkKW,  "defined?", EXPR_END],
    [:TklBEGIN,     TkKW,  "BEGIN",    EXPR_END],
    [:TklEND,       TkKW,  "END",      EXPR_END],
    [:Tk__LINE__,   TkKW,  "__LINE__", EXPR_END],
    [:Tk__FILE__,   TkKW,  "__FILE__", EXPR_END],

    [:TkIDENTIFIER, TkId],
    [:TkFID,        TkId],
    [:TkGVAR,       TkId],
    [:TkIVAR,       TkId],
    [:TkCONSTANT,   TkId],

    [:TkINTEGER,    TkVal],
    [:TkFLOAT,      TkVal],
    [:TkSTRING,     TkVal],
    [:TkXSTRING,    TkVal],
    [:TkREGEXP,     TkVal],
    [:TkCOMMENT,    TkVal],

    [:TkDSTRING,    TkNode],
    [:TkDXSTRING,   TkNode],
    [:TkDREGEXP,    TkNode],
    [:TkNTH_REF,    TkId],
    [:TkBACK_REF,   TkId],

    [:TkUPLUS,      TkOp,   "+@"],
    [:TkUMINUS,     TkOp,   "-@"],
    [:TkPOW,        TkOp,   "**"],
    [:TkCMP,        TkOp,   "<=>"],
    [:TkEQ,         TkOp,   "=="],
    [:TkEQQ,        TkOp,   "==="],
    [:TkNEQ,        TkOp,   "!="],
    [:TkGEQ,        TkOp,   ">="],
    [:TkLEQ,        TkOp,   "<="],
    [:TkANDOP,      TkOp,   "&&"],
    [:TkOROP,       TkOp,   "||"],
    [:TkMATCH,      TkOp,   "=~"],
    [:TkNMATCH,     TkOp,   "!~"],
    [:TkDOT2,       TkOp,   ".."],
    [:TkDOT3,       TkOp,   "..."],
    [:TkAREF,       TkOp,   "[]"],
    [:TkASET,       TkOp,   "[]="],
    [:TkLSHFT,      TkOp,   "<<"],
    [:TkRSHFT,      TkOp,   ">>"],
    [:TkCOLON2,     TkOp],
    [:TkCOLON3,     TkOp],
#   [:OPASGN,       TkOp],               # +=, -=  etc. #
    [:TkASSOC,      TkOp,   "=>"],
    [:TkQUESTION,   TkOp,   "?"],        #?
    [:TkCOLON,      TkOp,   ":"],        #:

    [:TkfLPAREN],         # func( #
    [:TkfLBRACK],         # func[ #
    [:TkfLBRACE],         # func{ #
    [:TkSTAR],            # *arg
    [:TkAMPER],           # &arg #
    [:TkSYMBOL,     TkId],          # :SYMBOL
    [:TkSYMBEG,     TkId],
    [:TkGT,         TkOp,   ">"],
    [:TkLT,         TkOp,   "<"],
    [:TkPLUS,       TkOp,   "+"],
    [:TkMINUS,      TkOp,   "-"],
    [:TkMULT,       TkOp,   "*"],
    [:TkDIV,        TkOp,   "/"],
    [:TkMOD,        TkOp,   "%"],
    [:TkBITOR,      TkOp,   "|"],
    [:TkBITXOR,     TkOp,   "^"],
    [:TkBITAND,     TkOp,   "&"],
    [:TkBITNOT,     TkOp,   "~"],
    [:TkNOTOP,      TkOp,   "!"],

    [:TkBACKQUOTE,  TkOp,   "`"],

    [:TkASSIGN,     Token,  "="],
    [:TkDOT,        Token,  "."],
    [:TkLPAREN,     Token,  "("],  #(exp)
    [:TkLBRACK,     Token,  "["],  #[arry]
    [:TkLBRACE,     Token,  "{"],  #{hash}
    [:TkRPAREN,     Token,  ")"],
    [:TkRBRACK,     Token,  "]"],
    [:TkRBRACE,     Token,  "}"],
    [:TkCOMMA,      Token,  ","],
    [:TkSEMICOLON,  Token,  ";"],

    [:TkRD_COMMENT],
    [:TkSPACE],
    [:TkNL],
    [:TkEND_OF_SCRIPT],

    [:TkBACKSLASH,  TkUnknownChar,  "\\"],
    [:TkAT,         TkUnknownChar,  "@"],
    [:TkDOLLAR,     TkUnknownChar,  "\$"], #"
  ]

  # {reading => token_class}
  # {reading => [token_class, *opt]}
  TkReading2Token = {}
  TkSymbol2Token = {}

  def self.def_token(token_n, super_token = Token, reading = nil, *opts)
    token_n = token_n.id2name unless String === token_n

    fail AlreadyDefinedToken, token_n if const_defined?(token_n)

    token_c =  Class.new super_token
    const_set token_n, token_c
#    token_c.inspect

    if reading
      if TkReading2Token[reading]
        fail TkReading2TokenDuplicateError, token_n, reading
      end
      if opts.empty?
        TkReading2Token[reading] = [token_c]
      else
        TkReading2Token[reading] = [token_c].concat(opts)
      end
    end
    TkSymbol2Token[token_n.intern] = token_c

    if token_c <= TkOp
      token_c.class_eval %{
        def self.op_name; "#{reading}"; end
      }
    end
  end

  for defs in TokenDefinitions
    def_token(*defs)
  end

  NEWLINE_TOKEN = TkNL.new(0,0)
  NEWLINE_TOKEN.set_text("\n")

end

##
# Lexical analyzer for Ruby source

class RDoc::RubyLex

  ##
  # Read an input stream character by character. We allow for unlimited
  # ungetting of characters just read.
  #
  # We simplify the implementation greatly by reading the entire input
  # into a buffer initially, and then simply traversing it using
  # pointers.
  #
  # We also have to allow for the <i>here document diversion</i>. This
  # little gem comes about when the lexer encounters a here
  # document. At this point we effectively need to split the input
  # stream into two parts: one to read the body of the here document,
  # the other to read the rest of the input line where the here
  # document was initially encountered. For example, we might have
  #
  #   do_something(<<-A, <<-B)
  #     stuff
  #     for
  #   A
  #     stuff
  #     for
  #   B
  #
  # When the lexer encounters the <<A, it reads until the end of the
  # line, and keeps it around for later. It then reads the body of the
  # here document.  Once complete, it needs to read the rest of the
  # original line, but then skip the here document body.
  #

  class BufferedReader

    attr_reader :line_num

    def initialize(content, options)
      @options = options

      if /\t/ =~ content
        tab_width = @options.tab_width
        content = content.split(/\n/).map do |line|
          1 while line.gsub!(/\t+/) { ' ' * (tab_width*$&.length - $`.length % tab_width)}  && $~ #`
          line
        end .join("\n")
      end
      @content   = content
      @content << "\n" unless @content[-1,1] == "\n"
      @size      = @content.size
      @offset    = 0
      @hwm       = 0
      @line_num  = 1
      @read_back_offset = 0
      @last_newline = 0
      @newline_pending = false
    end

    def column
      @offset - @last_newline
    end

    def getc
      return nil if @offset >= @size
      ch = @content[@offset, 1]

      @offset += 1
      @hwm = @offset if @hwm < @offset

      if @newline_pending
        @line_num += 1
        @last_newline = @offset - 1
        @newline_pending = false
      end

      if ch == "\n"
        @newline_pending = true
      end
      ch
    end

    def getc_already_read
      getc
    end

    def ungetc(ch)
      raise "unget past beginning of file" if @offset <= 0
      @offset -= 1
      if @content[@offset] == ?\n
        @newline_pending = false
      end
    end

    def get_read
      res = @content[@read_back_offset...@offset]
      @read_back_offset = @offset
      res
    end

    def peek(at)
      pos = @offset + at
      if pos >= @size
        nil
      else
        @content[pos, 1]
      end
    end

    def peek_equal(str)
      @content[@offset, str.length] == str
    end

    def divert_read_from(reserve)
      @content[@offset, 0] = reserve
      @size      = @content.size
    end
  end

  # end of nested class BufferedReader

  extend Exception2MessageMapper
  def_exception(:AlreadyDefinedToken, "Already defined token(%s)")
  def_exception(:TkReading2TokenNoKey, "key nothing(key='%s')")
  def_exception(:TkSymbol2TokenNoKey, "key nothing(key='%s')")
  def_exception(:TkReading2TokenDuplicateError,
                "key duplicate(token_n='%s', key='%s')")
  def_exception(:SyntaxError, "%s")

  include RDoc::RubyToken
  include IRB

  attr_reader :continue
  attr_reader :lex_state

  def self.debug?
    false
  end

  def initialize(content, options)
    lex_init

    @options = options

    @reader = BufferedReader.new content, @options

    @exp_line_no = @line_no = 1
    @base_char_no = 0
    @indent = 0

    @ltype = nil
    @quoted = nil
    @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
    @space_seen = false

    @continue = false
    @line = ""

    @skip_space = false
    @read_auto_clean_up = false
    @exception_on_syntax_error = true
  end

  attr_accessor :skip_space
  attr_accessor :read_auto_clean_up
  attr_accessor :exception_on_syntax_error
  attr_reader :indent

  # io functions
  def line_no
    @reader.line_num
  end

  def char_no
    @reader.column
  end

  def get_read
    @reader.get_read
  end

  def getc
    @reader.getc
  end

  def getc_of_rests
    @reader.getc_already_read
  end

  def gets
    c = getc or return
    l = ""
    begin
      l.concat c unless c == "\r"
      break if c == "\n"
    end while c = getc
    l
  end


  def ungetc(c = nil)
    @reader.ungetc(c)
  end

  def peek_equal?(str)
    @reader.peek_equal(str)
  end

  def peek(i = 0)
    @reader.peek(i)
  end

  def lex
    until (TkNL === (tk = token) or TkEND_OF_SCRIPT === tk) and
           not @continue or tk.nil?
    end

    line = get_read

    if line == "" and TkEND_OF_SCRIPT === tk or tk.nil? then
      nil
    else
      line
    end
  end

  def token
    set_token_position(line_no, char_no)
    begin
      begin
        tk = @OP.match(self)
        @space_seen = TkSPACE === tk
      rescue SyntaxError => e
        raise RDoc::Error, "syntax error: #{e.message}" if
          @exception_on_syntax_error

        tk = TkError.new(line_no, char_no)
      end
    end while @skip_space and TkSPACE === tk
    if @read_auto_clean_up
      get_read
    end
#   throw :eof unless tk
    tk
  end

  ENINDENT_CLAUSE = [
    "case", "class", "def", "do", "for", "if",
    "module", "unless", "until", "while", "begin" #, "when"
  ]
  DEINDENT_CLAUSE = ["end" #, "when"
  ]

  PERCENT_LTYPE = {
    "q" => "\'",
    "Q" => "\"",
    "x" => "\`",
    "r" => "/",
    "w" => "]"
  }

  PERCENT_PAREN = {
    "{" => "}",
    "[" => "]",
    "<" => ">",
    "(" => ")"
  }

  Ltype2Token = {
    "\'" => TkSTRING,
    "\"" => TkSTRING,
    "\`" => TkXSTRING,
    "/" => TkREGEXP,
    "]" => TkDSTRING
  }
  Ltype2Token.default = TkSTRING

  DLtype2Token = {
    "\"" => TkDSTRING,
    "\`" => TkDXSTRING,
    "/" => TkDREGEXP,
  }

  def lex_init()
    @OP = IRB::SLex.new
    @OP.def_rules("\0", "\004", "\032") do |chars, io|
      Token(TkEND_OF_SCRIPT).set_text(chars)
    end

    @OP.def_rules(" ", "\t", "\f", "\r", "\13") do |chars, io|
      @space_seen = TRUE
      while (ch = getc) =~ /[ \t\f\r\13]/
        chars << ch
      end
      ungetc
      Token(TkSPACE).set_text(chars)
    end

    @OP.def_rule("#") do
      |op, io|
      identify_comment
    end

    @OP.def_rule("=begin", proc{@prev_char_no == 0 && peek(0) =~ /\s/}) do
      |op, io|
      str = op
      @ltype = "="


      begin
        line = ""
        begin
          ch = getc
          line << ch
        end until ch == "\n"
        str << line
      end until line =~ /^=end/

      ungetc

      @ltype = nil

      if str =~ /\A=begin\s+rdoc/i
        str.sub!(/\A=begin.*\n/, '')
        str.sub!(/^=end.*/m, '')
        Token(TkCOMMENT).set_text(str)
      else
        Token(TkRD_COMMENT)#.set_text(str)
      end
    end

    @OP.def_rule("\n") do
      print "\\n\n" if RDoc::RubyLex.debug?
      case @lex_state
      when EXPR_BEG, EXPR_FNAME, EXPR_DOT
        @continue = TRUE
      else
        @continue = FALSE
        @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
      end
      Token(TkNL).set_text("\n")
    end

    @OP.def_rules("*", "**",
                  "!", "!=", "!~",
                  "=", "==", "===",
                  "=~", "<=>",
                  "<", "<=",
                  ">", ">=", ">>") do
      |op, io|
      @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
      Token(op).set_text(op)
    end

    @OP.def_rules("<<") do
      |op, io|
      tk = nil
      if @lex_state != EXPR_END && @lex_state != EXPR_CLASS &&
        (@lex_state != EXPR_ARG || @space_seen)
        c = peek(0)
        if /[-\w_\"\'\`]/ =~ c
          tk = identify_here_document
        end
      end
      if !tk
        @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
        tk = Token(op).set_text(op)
      end
      tk
    end

    @OP.def_rules("'", '"') do
      |op, io|
      identify_string(op)
    end

    @OP.def_rules("`") do
      |op, io|
      if @lex_state == EXPR_FNAME
        Token(op).set_text(op)
      else
        identify_string(op)
      end
    end

    @OP.def_rules('?') do
      |op, io|
      if @lex_state == EXPR_END
        @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
        Token(TkQUESTION).set_text(op)
      else
        ch = getc
        if @lex_state == EXPR_ARG && ch !~ /\s/
          ungetc
          @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
          Token(TkQUESTION).set_text(op)
        else
          str = op
          str << ch
          if (ch == '\\') #'
            str << read_escape
          end
          @lex_state = EXPR_END
          Token(TkINTEGER).set_text(str)
        end
      end
    end

    @OP.def_rules("&", "&&", "|", "||") do
      |op, io|
      @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
      Token(op).set_text(op)
    end

    @OP.def_rules("+=", "-=", "*=", "**=",
                  "&=", "|=", "^=", "<<=", ">>=", "||=", "&&=") do
      |op, io|
      @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
      op =~ /^(.*)=$/
      Token(TkOPASGN, $1).set_text(op)
    end

    @OP.def_rule("+@", proc{@lex_state == EXPR_FNAME}) do |op, io|
      Token(TkUPLUS).set_text(op)
    end

    @OP.def_rule("-@", proc{@lex_state == EXPR_FNAME}) do |op, io|
      Token(TkUMINUS).set_text(op)
    end

    @OP.def_rules("+", "-") do
      |op, io|
      catch(:RET) do
        if @lex_state == EXPR_ARG
          if @space_seen and peek(0) =~ /[0-9]/
            throw :RET, identify_number(op)
          else
            @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
          end
        elsif @lex_state != EXPR_END and peek(0) =~ /[0-9]/
          throw :RET, identify_number(op)
        else
          @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
        end
        Token(op).set_text(op)
      end
    end

    @OP.def_rule(".") do
      @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
      if peek(0) =~ /[0-9]/
        ungetc
        identify_number("")
      else
        # for obj.if
        @lex_state = EXPR_DOT
        Token(TkDOT).set_text(".")
      end
    end

    @OP.def_rules("..", "...") do
      |op, io|
      @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
      Token(op).set_text(op)
    end

    lex_int2
  end

  def lex_int2
    @OP.def_rules("]", "}", ")") do
      |op, io|
      @lex_state = EXPR_END
      @indent -= 1
      Token(op).set_text(op)
    end

    @OP.def_rule(":") do
      if @lex_state == EXPR_END || peek(0) =~ /\s/
        @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
        tk = Token(TkCOLON)
      else
        @lex_state = EXPR_FNAME
        tk = Token(TkSYMBEG)
      end
      tk.set_text(":")
    end

    @OP.def_rule("::") do
      if @lex_state == EXPR_BEG or @lex_state == EXPR_ARG && @space_seen
        @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
        tk = Token(TkCOLON3)
      else
        @lex_state = EXPR_DOT
        tk = Token(TkCOLON2)
      end
      tk.set_text("::")
    end

    @OP.def_rule("/") do
      |op, io|
      if @lex_state == EXPR_BEG || @lex_state == EXPR_MID
        identify_string(op)
      elsif peek(0) == '='
        getc
        @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
        Token(TkOPASGN, :/).set_text("/=") #")
      elsif @lex_state == EXPR_ARG and @space_seen and peek(0) !~ /\s/
        identify_string(op)
      else
        @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
        Token("/").set_text(op)
      end
    end

    @OP.def_rules("^") do
      @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
      Token("^").set_text("^")
    end

    @OP.def_rules(",", ";") do
      |op, io|
      @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
      Token(op).set_text(op)
    end

    @OP.def_rule("~") do
      @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
      Token("~").set_text("~")
    end

    @OP.def_rule("~@", proc{@lex_state = EXPR_FNAME}) do
      @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
      Token("~").set_text("~@")
    end

    @OP.def_rule("(") do
      @indent += 1
      if @lex_state == EXPR_BEG || @lex_state == EXPR_MID
        @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
        tk = Token(TkfLPAREN)
      else
        @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
        tk = Token(TkLPAREN)
      end
      tk.set_text("(")
    end

    @OP.def_rule("[]", proc{@lex_state == EXPR_FNAME}) do
      Token("[]").set_text("[]")
    end

    @OP.def_rule("[]=", proc{@lex_state == EXPR_FNAME}) do
      Token("[]=").set_text("[]=")
    end

    @OP.def_rule("[") do
      @indent += 1
      if @lex_state == EXPR_FNAME
        t = Token(TkfLBRACK)
      else
        if @lex_state == EXPR_BEG || @lex_state == EXPR_MID
          t = Token(TkLBRACK)
        elsif @lex_state == EXPR_ARG && @space_seen
          t = Token(TkLBRACK)
        else
          t = Token(TkfLBRACK)
        end
        @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
      end
      t.set_text("[")
    end

    @OP.def_rule("{") do
      @indent += 1
      if @lex_state != EXPR_END && @lex_state != EXPR_ARG
        t = Token(TkLBRACE)
      else
        t = Token(TkfLBRACE)
      end
      @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
      t.set_text("{")
    end

    @OP.def_rule('\\') do   #'
      if getc == "\n"
        @space_seen = true
        @continue = true
        Token(TkSPACE).set_text("\\\n")
      else
        ungetc
        Token("\\").set_text("\\")  #"
      end
    end

    @OP.def_rule('%') do
      |op, io|
      if @lex_state == EXPR_BEG || @lex_state == EXPR_MID
        identify_quotation('%')
      elsif peek(0) == '='
        getc
        Token(TkOPASGN, "%").set_text("%=")
      elsif @lex_state == EXPR_ARG and @space_seen and peek(0) !~ /\s/
        identify_quotation('%')
      else
        @lex_state = EXPR_BEG
        Token("%").set_text("%")
      end
    end

    @OP.def_rule('$') do  #'
      identify_gvar
    end

    @OP.def_rule('@') do
      if peek(0) =~ /[@\w_]/
        ungetc
        identify_identifier
      else
        Token("@").set_text("@")
      end
    end

    @OP.def_rule("__END__", proc{@prev_char_no == 0 && peek(0) =~ /[\r\n]/}) do
      throw :eof
    end

    @OP.def_rule("") do
      |op, io|
      printf "MATCH: start %s: %s\n", op, io.inspect if RDoc::RubyLex.debug?
      if peek(0) =~ /[0-9]/
        t = identify_number("")
      elsif peek(0) =~ /[\w_]/
        t = identify_identifier
      end
      printf "MATCH: end %s: %s\n", op, io.inspect if RDoc::RubyLex.debug?
      t
    end
  end

  def identify_gvar
    @lex_state = EXPR_END
    str = "$"

    tk = case ch = getc
         when /[~_*$?!@\/\\;,=:<>".]/   #"
           str << ch
           Token(TkGVAR, str)

         when "-"
           str << "-" << getc
           Token(TkGVAR, str)

         when "&", "`", "'", "+"
           str << ch
           Token(TkBACK_REF, str)

         when /[1-9]/
           str << ch
           while (ch = getc) =~ /[0-9]/
             str << ch
           end
           ungetc
           Token(TkNTH_REF)
         when /\w/
           ungetc
           ungetc
           return identify_identifier
         else
           ungetc
           Token("$")
         end
    tk.set_text(str)
  end

  def identify_identifier
    token = ""
    token.concat getc if peek(0) =~ /[$@]/
    token.concat getc if peek(0) == "@"

    while (ch = getc) =~ /\w|_/
      print ":", ch, ":" if RDoc::RubyLex.debug?
      token.concat ch
    end
    ungetc

    if ch == "!" or ch == "?"
      token.concat getc
    end
    # fix token

    # $stderr.puts "identifier - #{token}, state = #@lex_state"

    case token
    when /^\$/
      return Token(TkGVAR, token).set_text(token)
    when /^\@/
      @lex_state = EXPR_END
      return Token(TkIVAR, token).set_text(token)
    end

    if @lex_state != EXPR_DOT
      print token, "\n" if RDoc::RubyLex.debug?

      token_c, *trans = TkReading2Token[token]
      if token_c
        # reserved word?

        if (@lex_state != EXPR_BEG &&
            @lex_state != EXPR_FNAME &&
            trans[1])
          # modifiers
          token_c = TkSymbol2Token[trans[1]]
          @lex_state = trans[0]
        else
          if @lex_state != EXPR_FNAME
            if ENINDENT_CLAUSE.include?(token)
              @indent += 1
            elsif DEINDENT_CLAUSE.include?(token)
              @indent -= 1
            end
            @lex_state = trans[0]
          else
            @lex_state = EXPR_END
          end
        end
        return Token(token_c, token).set_text(token)
      end
    end

    if @lex_state == EXPR_FNAME
      @lex_state = EXPR_END
      if peek(0) == '='
        token.concat getc
      end
    elsif @lex_state == EXPR_BEG || @lex_state == EXPR_DOT
      @lex_state = EXPR_ARG
    else
      @lex_state = EXPR_END
    end

    if token[0, 1] =~ /[A-Z]/
      return Token(TkCONSTANT, token).set_text(token)
    elsif token[token.size - 1, 1] =~ /[!?]/
      return Token(TkFID, token).set_text(token)
    else
      return Token(TkIDENTIFIER, token).set_text(token)
    end
  end

  def identify_here_document
    ch = getc
    if ch == "-"
      ch = getc
      indent = true
    end
    if /['"`]/ =~ ch            # '
      lt = ch
      quoted = ""
      while (c = getc) && c != lt
        quoted.concat c
      end
    else
      lt = '"'
      quoted = ch.dup
      while (c = getc) && c =~ /\w/
        quoted.concat c
      end
      ungetc
    end

    ltback, @ltype = @ltype, lt
    reserve = ""

    while ch = getc
      reserve << ch
      if ch == "\\"    #"
        ch = getc
        reserve << ch
      elsif ch == "\n"
        break
      end
    end

    str = ""
    while (l = gets)
      l.chomp!
      l.strip! if indent
      break if l == quoted
      str << l.chomp << "\n"
    end

    @reader.divert_read_from(reserve)

    @ltype = ltback
    @lex_state = EXPR_END
    Token(Ltype2Token[lt], str).set_text(str.dump)
  end

  def identify_quotation(initial_char)
    ch = getc
    if lt = PERCENT_LTYPE[ch]
      initial_char += ch
      ch = getc
    elsif ch =~ /\W/
      lt = "\""
    else
      fail SyntaxError, "unknown type of %string ('#{ch}')"
    end
#     if ch !~ /\W/
#       ungetc
#       next
#     end
    #@ltype = lt
    @quoted = ch unless @quoted = PERCENT_PAREN[ch]
    identify_string(lt, @quoted, ch, initial_char)
  end

  def identify_number(start)
    str = start.dup

    if start == "+" or start == "-" or start == ""
      start = getc
      str << start
    end

    @lex_state = EXPR_END

    if start == "0"
      if peek(0) == "x"
        ch = getc
        str << ch
        match = /[0-9a-f_]/
      else
        match = /[0-7_]/
      end
      while ch = getc
        if ch !~ match
          ungetc
          break
        else
          str << ch
        end
      end
      return Token(TkINTEGER).set_text(str)
    end

    type = TkINTEGER
    allow_point = TRUE
    allow_e = TRUE
    while ch = getc
      case ch
      when /[0-9_]/
        str << ch

      when allow_point && "."
        type = TkFLOAT
        if peek(0) !~ /[0-9]/
          ungetc
          break
        end
        str << ch
        allow_point = false

      when allow_e && "e", allow_e && "E"
        str << ch
        type = TkFLOAT
        if peek(0) =~ /[+-]/
          str << getc
        end
        allow_e = false
        allow_point = false
      else
        ungetc
        break
      end
    end
    Token(type).set_text(str)
  end

  def identify_string(ltype, quoted = ltype, opener=nil, initial_char = nil)
    @ltype = ltype
    @quoted = quoted
    subtype = nil

    str = ""
    str << initial_char if initial_char
    str << (opener||quoted)

    nest = 0
    begin
      while ch = getc
        str << ch
        if @quoted == ch
          if nest == 0
            break
          else
            nest -= 1
          end
        elsif opener == ch
          nest += 1
        elsif @ltype != "'" && @ltype != "]" and ch == "#"
          ch = getc
          if ch == "{"
            subtype = true
            str << ch << skip_inner_expression
          else
            ungetc(ch)
          end
        elsif ch == '\\' #'
          str << read_escape
        end
      end
      if @ltype == "/"
        if peek(0) =~ /i|o|n|e|s/
          str << getc
        end
      end
      if subtype
        Token(DLtype2Token[ltype], str)
      else
        Token(Ltype2Token[ltype], str)
      end.set_text(str)
    ensure
      @ltype = nil
      @quoted = nil
      @lex_state = EXPR_END
    end
  end

  def skip_inner_expression
    res = ""
    nest = 0
    while (ch = getc)
      res << ch
      if ch == '}'
        break if nest.zero?
        nest -= 1
      elsif ch == '{'
        nest += 1
      end
    end
    res
  end

  def identify_comment
    @ltype = "#"
    comment = "#"
    while ch = getc
      if ch == "\\"
        ch = getc
        if ch == "\n"
          ch = " "
        else
          comment << "\\"
        end
      else
        if ch == "\n"
          @ltype = nil
          ungetc
          break
        end
      end
      comment << ch
    end
    return Token(TkCOMMENT).set_text(comment)
  end

  def read_escape
    res = ""
    case ch = getc
    when /[0-7]/
      ungetc ch
      3.times do
        case ch = getc
        when /[0-7]/
        when nil
          break
        else
          ungetc
          break
        end
        res << ch
      end

    when "x"
      res << ch
      2.times do
        case ch = getc
        when /[0-9a-fA-F]/
        when nil
          break
        else
          ungetc
          break
        end
        res << ch
      end

    when "M"
      res << ch
      if (ch = getc) != '-'
        ungetc
      else
        res << ch
        if (ch = getc) == "\\" #"
          res << ch
          res << read_escape
        else
          res << ch
        end
      end

    when "C", "c" #, "^"
      res << ch
      if ch == "C" and (ch = getc) != "-"
        ungetc
      else
        res << ch
        if (ch = getc) == "\\" #"
          res << ch
          res << read_escape
        else
          res << ch
        end
      end
    else
      res << ch
    end
    res
  end
end

##
# Extracts code elements from a source file returning a TopLevel object
# containing the constituent file elements.
#
# This file is based on rtags
#
# RubyParser understands how to document:
# * classes
# * modules
# * methods
# * constants
# * aliases
# * private, public, protected
# * private_class_function, public_class_function
# * module_function
# * attr, attr_reader, attr_writer, attr_accessor
# * extra accessors given on the command line
# * metaprogrammed methods
# * require
# * include
#
# == Method Arguments
#
#--
# NOTE: I don't think this works, needs tests, remove the paragraph following
# this block when known to work
#
# The parser extracts the arguments from the method definition.  You can
# override this with a custom argument definition using the :args: directive:
#
#   ##
#   # This method tries over and over until it is tired
#   
#   def go_go_go(thing_to_try, tries = 10) # :args: thing_to_try
#     puts thing_to_try
#     go_go_go thing_to_try, tries - 1
#   end
#
# If you have a more-complex set of overrides you can use the :call-seq:
# directive:
#++
#
# The parser extracts the arguments from the method definition.  You can
# override this with a custom argument definition using the :call-seq:
# directive:
#
#   ##
#   # This method can be called with a range or an offset and length
#   #
#   # :call-seq:
#   #   my_method(Range)
#   #   my_method(offset, length)
#   
#   def my_method(*args)
#   end
#
# The parser extracts +yield+ expressions from method bodies to gather the
# yielded argument names.  If your method manually calls a block instead of
# yielding or you want to override the discovered argument names use
# the :yields: directive:
#
#   ##
#   # My method is awesome
#   
#   def my_method(&block) # :yields: happy, times
#     block.call 1, 2
#   end
#
# == Metaprogrammed Methods
#
# To pick up a metaprogrammed method, the parser looks for a comment starting
# with '##' before an identifier:
#
#   ##
#   # This is a meta-programmed method!
#   
#   add_my_method :meta_method, :arg1, :arg2
#
# The parser looks at the token after the identifier to determine the name, in
# this example, :meta_method.  If a name cannot be found, a warning is printed
# and 'unknown is used.
#
# You can force the name of a method using the :method: directive:
#
#   ##
#   # :method: woo_hoo!
#
# By default, meta-methods are instance methods.  To indicate that a method is
# a singleton method instead use the :singleton-method: directive:
#
#   ##
#   # :singleton-method:
#
# You can also use the :singleton-method: directive with a name:
#
#   ##
#   # :singleton-method: woo_hoo!
#
# == Hidden methods
#
# You can provide documentation for methods that don't appear using
# the :method: and :singleton-method: directives:
#
#   ##
#   # :method: ghost_method
#   # There is a method here, but you can't see it!
#   
#   ##
#   # this is a comment for a regular method
#   
#   def regular_method() end
#
# Note that by default, the :method: directive will be ignored if there is a
# standard rdocable item following it.

class RDoc::Parser::Ruby < RDoc::Parser

  parse_files_matching(/\.rbw?$/)

  include RDoc::RubyToken
  include RDoc::TokenStream

  NORMAL = "::"
  SINGLE = "<<"

  def initialize(top_level, file_name, content, options, stats)
    super

    @size = 0
    @token_listeners = nil
    @scanner = RDoc::RubyLex.new content, @options
    @scanner.exception_on_syntax_error = false

    reset
  end

  def add_token_listener(obj)
    @token_listeners ||= []
    @token_listeners << obj
  end

  ##
  # Look for the first comment in a file that isn't a shebang line.

  def collect_first_comment
    skip_tkspace
    res = ''
    first_line = true

    tk = get_tk

    while TkCOMMENT === tk
      if first_line and tk.text =~ /\A#!/ then
        skip_tkspace
        tk = get_tk
      elsif first_line and tk.text =~ /\A#\s*-\*-/ then
        first_line = false
        skip_tkspace
        tk = get_tk
      else
        first_line = false
        res << tk.text << "\n"
        tk = get_tk

        if TkNL === tk then
          skip_tkspace false
          tk = get_tk
        end
      end
    end

    unget_tk tk

    res
  end

  def error(msg)
    msg = make_message msg
    $stderr.puts msg
    exit(1)
  end

  ##
  # Look for a 'call-seq' in the comment, and override the normal parameter
  # stuff

  def extract_call_seq(comment, meth)
    if comment.sub!(/:?call-seq:(.*?)^\s*\#?\s*$/m, '') then
      seq = $1
      seq.gsub!(/^\s*\#\s*/, '')
      meth.call_seq = seq
    end

    meth
  end

  def get_bool
    skip_tkspace
    tk = get_tk
    case tk
    when TkTRUE
      true
    when TkFALSE, TkNIL
      false
    else
      unget_tk tk
      true
    end
  end

  ##
  # Look for the name of a class of module (optionally with a leading :: or
  # with :: separated named) and return the ultimate name and container

  def get_class_or_module(container)
    skip_tkspace
    name_t = get_tk

    # class ::A -> A is in the top level
    if TkCOLON2 === name_t then
      name_t = get_tk
      container = @top_level
    end

    skip_tkspace(false)

    while TkCOLON2 === peek_tk do
      prev_container = container
      container = container.find_module_named(name_t.name)
      if !container
#          warn("Couldn't find module #{name_t.name}")
        container = prev_container.add_module RDoc::NormalModule, name_t.name
      end
      get_tk
      name_t = get_tk
    end
    skip_tkspace(false)
    return [container, name_t]
  end

  ##
  # Return a superclass, which can be either a constant of an expression

  def get_class_specification
    tk = get_tk
    return "self" if TkSELF === tk

    res = ""
    while TkCOLON2 === tk or TkCOLON3 === tk or TkCONSTANT === tk do
      res += tk.text
      tk = get_tk
    end

    unget_tk(tk)
    skip_tkspace(false)

    get_tkread # empty out read buffer

    tk = get_tk

    case tk
    when TkNL, TkCOMMENT, TkSEMICOLON then
      unget_tk(tk)
      return res
    end

    res += parse_call_parameters(tk)
    res
  end

  ##
  # Parse a constant, which might be qualified by one or more class or module
  # names

  def get_constant
    res = ""
    skip_tkspace(false)
    tk = get_tk

    while TkCOLON2 === tk or TkCOLON3 === tk or TkCONSTANT === tk do
      res += tk.text
      tk = get_tk
    end

#      if res.empty?
#        warn("Unexpected token #{tk} in constant")
#      end
    unget_tk(tk)
    res
  end

  ##
  # Get a constant that may be surrounded by parens

  def get_constant_with_optional_parens
    skip_tkspace(false)
    nest = 0
    while TkLPAREN === (tk = peek_tk) or TkfLPAREN === tk do
      get_tk
      skip_tkspace(true)
      nest += 1
    end

    name = get_constant

    while nest > 0
      skip_tkspace(true)
      tk = get_tk
      nest -= 1 if TkRPAREN === tk
    end
    name
  end

  def get_symbol_or_name
    tk = get_tk
    case tk
    when  TkSYMBOL
      tk.text.sub(/^:/, '')
    when TkId, TkOp
      tk.name
    when TkSTRING
      tk.text
    else
      raise "Name or symbol expected (got #{tk})"
    end
  end

  def get_tk
    tk = nil
    if @tokens.empty?
      tk = @scanner.token
      @read.push @scanner.get_read
      puts "get_tk1 => #{tk.inspect}" if $TOKEN_DEBUG
    else
      @read.push @unget_read.shift
      tk = @tokens.shift
      puts "get_tk2 => #{tk.inspect}" if $TOKEN_DEBUG
    end

    if TkSYMBEG === tk then
      set_token_position(tk.line_no, tk.char_no)
      tk1 = get_tk
      if TkId === tk1 or TkOp === tk1 or TkSTRING === tk1 then
        if tk1.respond_to?(:name)
          tk = Token(TkSYMBOL).set_text(":" + tk1.name)
        else
          tk = Token(TkSYMBOL).set_text(":" + tk1.text)
        end
        # remove the identifier we just read (we're about to
        # replace it with a symbol)
        @token_listeners.each do |obj|
          obj.pop_token
        end if @token_listeners
      else
        warn("':' not followed by identifier or operator")
        tk = tk1
      end
    end

    # inform any listeners of our shiny new token
    @token_listeners.each do |obj|
      obj.add_token(tk)
    end if @token_listeners

    tk
  end

  def get_tkread
    read = @read.join("")
    @read = []
    read
  end

  ##
  # Look for directives in a normal comment block:
  #
  #   #-- - don't display comment from this point forward
  #
  # This routine modifies it's parameter

  def look_for_directives_in(context, comment)
    preprocess = RDoc::Markup::PreProcess.new(@file_name,
                                              @options.rdoc_include)

    preprocess.handle(comment) do |directive, param|
      case directive
      when 'enddoc' then
        throw :enddoc
      when 'main' then
        @options.main_page = param
        ''
      when 'method', 'singleton-method' then
        false # ignore
      when 'section' then
        context.set_current_section(param, comment)
        comment.replace ''
        break
      when 'startdoc' then
        context.start_doc
        context.force_documentation = true
        ''
      when 'stopdoc' then
        context.stop_doc
        ''
      when 'title' then
        @options.title = param
        ''
      else
        warn "Unrecognized directive '#{directive}'"
        false
      end
    end

    remove_private_comments(comment)
  end

  def make_message(msg)
    prefix = "\n" + @file_name + ":"
    if @scanner
      prefix << "#{@scanner.line_no}:#{@scanner.char_no}: "
    end
    return prefix + msg
  end

  def parse_attr(context, single, tk, comment)
    args = parse_symbol_arg(1)
    if args.size > 0
      name = args[0]
      rw = "R"
      skip_tkspace(false)
      tk = get_tk
      if TkCOMMA === tk then
        rw = "RW" if get_bool
      else
        unget_tk tk
      end
      att = RDoc::Attr.new get_tkread, name, rw, comment
      read_documentation_modifiers att, RDoc::ATTR_MODIFIERS
      if att.document_self
        context.add_attribute(att)
      end
    else
      warn("'attr' ignored - looks like a variable")
    end
  end

  def parse_attr_accessor(context, single, tk, comment)
    args = parse_symbol_arg
    read = get_tkread
    rw = "?"

    # If nodoc is given, don't document any of them

    tmp = RDoc::CodeObject.new
    read_documentation_modifiers tmp, RDoc::ATTR_MODIFIERS
    return unless tmp.document_self

    case tk.name
    when "attr_reader"   then rw = "R"
    when "attr_writer"   then rw = "W"
    when "attr_accessor" then rw = "RW"
    else
      rw = @options.extra_accessor_flags[tk.name]
      rw = '?' if rw.nil?
    end

    for name in args
      att = RDoc::Attr.new get_tkread, name, rw, comment
      context.add_attribute att
    end
  end

  def parse_alias(context, single, tk, comment)
    skip_tkspace
    if TkLPAREN === peek_tk then
      get_tk
      skip_tkspace
    end
    new_name = get_symbol_or_name
    @scanner.instance_eval{@lex_state = EXPR_FNAME}
    skip_tkspace
    if TkCOMMA === peek_tk then
      get_tk
      skip_tkspace
    end
    old_name = get_symbol_or_name

    al = RDoc::Alias.new get_tkread, old_name, new_name, comment
    read_documentation_modifiers al, RDoc::ATTR_MODIFIERS
    if al.document_self
      context.add_alias(al)
    end
  end

  def parse_call_parameters(tk)
    end_token = case tk
                when TkLPAREN, TkfLPAREN
                  TkRPAREN
                when TkRPAREN
                  return ""
                else
                  TkNL
                end
    nest = 0

    loop do
      puts("Call param: #{tk}, #{@scanner.continue} " +
        "#{@scanner.lex_state} #{nest}") if $DEBUG_RDOC
        case tk
        when TkSEMICOLON
          break
        when TkLPAREN, TkfLPAREN
          nest += 1
        when end_token
          if end_token == TkRPAREN
            nest -= 1
            break if @scanner.lex_state == EXPR_END and nest <= 0
          else
            break unless @scanner.continue
          end
        when TkCOMMENT
          unget_tk(tk)
          break
        end
        tk = get_tk
    end
    res = get_tkread.tr("\n", " ").strip
    res = "" if res == ";"
    res
  end

  def parse_class(container, single, tk, comment, &block)
    progress("c")

    @stats.num_classes += 1

    container, name_t = get_class_or_module(container)

    case name_t
    when TkCONSTANT
      name = name_t.name
      superclass = "Object"

      if TkLT === peek_tk then
        get_tk
        skip_tkspace(true)
        superclass = get_class_specification
        superclass = "<unknown>" if superclass.empty?
      end

      if single == SINGLE
        cls_type = RDoc::SingleClass
      else
        cls_type = RDoc::NormalClass
      end

      cls = container.add_class cls_type, name, superclass
      read_documentation_modifiers cls, RDoc::CLASS_MODIFIERS
      cls.record_location(@top_level)
      parse_statements(cls)
      cls.comment = comment

    when TkLSHFT
      case name = get_class_specification
      when "self", container.name
        parse_statements(container, SINGLE, &block)
      else
        other = RDoc::TopLevel.find_class_named(name)
        unless other
          #            other = @top_level.add_class(NormalClass, name, nil)
          #            other.record_location(@top_level)
          #            other.comment = comment
          other = RDoc::NormalClass.new "Dummy", nil
        end
        read_documentation_modifiers other, RDoc::CLASS_MODIFIERS
        parse_statements(other, SINGLE, &block)
      end

    else
      warn("Expected class name or '<<'. Got #{name_t.class}: #{name_t.text.inspect}")
    end
  end

  def parse_constant(container, single, tk, comment)
    name = tk.name
    skip_tkspace(false)
    eq_tk = get_tk

    unless TkASSIGN === eq_tk then
      unget_tk(eq_tk)
      return
    end


    nest = 0
    get_tkread

    tk = get_tk
    if TkGT === tk then
      unget_tk(tk)
      unget_tk(eq_tk)
      return
    end

    loop do
      puts "Param: %p, %s %s %s" %
        [tk.text, @scanner.continue, @scanner.lex_state, nest] if $DEBUG_RDOC

        case tk
        when TkSEMICOLON
          break
        when TkLPAREN, TkfLPAREN
          nest += 1
        when TkRPAREN
          nest -= 1
        when TkCOMMENT
          if nest <= 0 && @scanner.lex_state == EXPR_END
            unget_tk(tk)
            break
          end
        when TkNL
          if (@scanner.lex_state == EXPR_END and nest <= 0) || !@scanner.continue
            unget_tk(tk)
            break
          end
        end
        tk = get_tk
    end

    res = get_tkread.tr("\n", " ").strip
    res = "" if res == ";"

    con = RDoc::Constant.new name, res, comment
    read_documentation_modifiers con, RDoc::CONSTANT_MODIFIERS

    if con.document_self
      container.add_constant(con)
    end
  end

  def parse_comment(container, tk, comment)
    progress(".")
    @stats.num_methods += 1
    line_no = tk.line_no
    column  = tk.char_no

    singleton = !!comment.sub!(/(^# +:?)(singleton-)(method:)/, '\1\3')

    if comment.sub!(/^# +:?method: *(\S*).*?\n/i, '') then
      name = $1 unless $1.empty?
    else
      return nil
    end

    meth = RDoc::GhostMethod.new get_tkread, name
    meth.singleton = singleton

    meth.start_collecting_tokens
    indent = TkSPACE.new 1, 1
    indent.set_text " " * column

    position_comment = TkCOMMENT.new(line_no, 1, "# File #{@top_level.file_absolute_name}, line #{line_no}")
    meth.add_tokens [position_comment, NEWLINE_TOKEN, indent]

    meth.params = ''

    extract_call_seq comment, meth

    container.add_method meth if meth.document_self

    meth.comment = comment
  end

  def parse_include(context, comment)
    loop do
      skip_tkspace_comment

      name = get_constant_with_optional_parens
      context.add_include RDoc::Include.new(name, comment) unless name.empty?

      return unless TkCOMMA === peek_tk
      get_tk
    end
  end

  ##
  # Parses a meta-programmed method

  def parse_meta_method(container, single, tk, comment)
    progress(".")
    @stats.num_methods += 1
    line_no = tk.line_no
    column  = tk.char_no

    start_collecting_tokens
    add_token tk
    add_token_listener self

    skip_tkspace false

    singleton = !!comment.sub!(/(^# +:?)(singleton-)(method:)/, '\1\3')

    if comment.sub!(/^# +:?method: *(\S*).*?\n/i, '') then
      name = $1 unless $1.empty?
    end

    if name.nil? then
      name_t = get_tk
      case name_t
      when TkSYMBOL then
        name = name_t.text[1..-1]
      when TkSTRING then
        name = name_t.text[1..-2]
      else
        warn "#{container.top_level.file_relative_name}:#{name_t.line_no} unknown name token #{name_t.inspect} for meta-method"
        name = 'unknown'
      end
    end

    meth = RDoc::MetaMethod.new get_tkread, name
    meth.singleton = singleton

    remove_token_listener self

    meth.start_collecting_tokens
    indent = TkSPACE.new 1, 1
    indent.set_text " " * column

    position_comment = TkCOMMENT.new(line_no, 1, "# File #{@top_level.file_absolute_name}, line #{line_no}")
    meth.add_tokens [position_comment, NEWLINE_TOKEN, indent]
    meth.add_tokens @token_stream

    add_token_listener meth

    meth.params = ''

    extract_call_seq comment, meth

    container.add_method meth if meth.document_self

    last_tk = tk

    while tk = get_tk do
      case tk
      when TkSEMICOLON then
        break
      when TkNL then
        break unless last_tk and TkCOMMA === last_tk
      when TkSPACE then
        # expression continues
      else
        last_tk = tk
      end
    end

    remove_token_listener meth

    meth.comment = comment
  end

  ##
  # Parses a method

  def parse_method(container, single, tk, comment)
    progress(".")
    @stats.num_methods += 1
    line_no = tk.line_no
    column  = tk.char_no

    start_collecting_tokens
    add_token(tk)
    add_token_listener(self)

    @scanner.instance_eval do @lex_state = EXPR_FNAME end

    skip_tkspace(false)
    name_t = get_tk
    back_tk = skip_tkspace
    meth = nil
    added_container = false

    dot = get_tk
    if TkDOT === dot or TkCOLON2 === dot then
      @scanner.instance_eval do @lex_state = EXPR_FNAME end
      skip_tkspace
      name_t2 = get_tk

      case name_t
      when TkSELF then
        name = name_t2.name
      when TkCONSTANT then
        name = name_t2.name
        prev_container = container
        container = container.find_module_named(name_t.name)
        unless container then
          added_container = true
          obj = name_t.name.split("::").inject(Object) do |state, item|
            state.const_get(item)
          end rescue nil

          type = obj.class == Class ? RDoc::NormalClass : RDoc::NormalModule

          unless [Class, Module].include?(obj.class) then
            warn("Couldn't find #{name_t.name}. Assuming it's a module")
          end

          if type == RDoc::NormalClass then
            container = prev_container.add_class(type, name_t.name, obj.superclass.name)
          else
            container = prev_container.add_module(type, name_t.name)
          end

          container.record_location @top_level
        end
      else
        # warn("Unexpected token '#{name_t2.inspect}'")
        # break
        skip_method(container)
        return
      end

      meth = RDoc::AnyMethod.new(get_tkread, name)
      meth.singleton = true
    else
      unget_tk dot
      back_tk.reverse_each do |token|
        unget_tk token
      end
      name = name_t.name

      meth = RDoc::AnyMethod.new get_tkread, name
      meth.singleton = (single == SINGLE)
    end

    remove_token_listener self

    meth.start_collecting_tokens
    indent = TkSPACE.new 1, 1
    indent.set_text " " * column

    token = TkCOMMENT.new(line_no, 1, "# File #{@top_level.file_absolute_name}, line #{line_no}")
    meth.add_tokens [token, NEWLINE_TOKEN, indent]
    meth.add_tokens @token_stream

    add_token_listener meth

    @scanner.instance_eval do @continue = false end
    parse_method_parameters meth

    if meth.document_self then
      container.add_method meth
    elsif added_container then
      container.document_self = false
    end

    # Having now read the method parameters and documentation modifiers, we
    # now know whether we have to rename #initialize to ::new

    if name == "initialize" && !meth.singleton then
      if meth.dont_rename_initialize then
        meth.visibility = :protected
      else
        meth.singleton = true
        meth.name = "new"
        meth.visibility = :public
      end
    end

    parse_statements(container, single, meth)

    remove_token_listener(meth)

    extract_call_seq comment, meth

    meth.comment = comment
  end

  def parse_method_or_yield_parameters(method = nil,
                                       modifiers = RDoc::METHOD_MODIFIERS)
    skip_tkspace(false)
    tk = get_tk

    # Little hack going on here. In the statement
    #  f = 2*(1+yield)
    # We see the RPAREN as the next token, so we need
    # to exit early. This still won't catch all cases
    # (such as "a = yield + 1"
    end_token = case tk
                when TkLPAREN, TkfLPAREN
                  TkRPAREN
                when TkRPAREN
                  return ""
                else
                  TkNL
                end
    nest = 0

    loop do
      puts "Param: %p, %s %s %s" %
        [tk.text, @scanner.continue, @scanner.lex_state, nest] if $DEBUG_RDOC
        case tk
        when TkSEMICOLON
          break
        when TkLBRACE
          nest += 1
        when TkRBRACE
          # we might have a.each {|i| yield i }
          unget_tk(tk) if nest.zero?
          nest -= 1
          break if nest <= 0
        when TkLPAREN, TkfLPAREN
          nest += 1
        when end_token
          if end_token == TkRPAREN
            nest -= 1
            break if @scanner.lex_state == EXPR_END and nest <= 0
          else
            break unless @scanner.continue
          end
        when method && method.block_params.nil? && TkCOMMENT
          unget_tk(tk)
          read_documentation_modifiers(method, modifiers)
        end
      tk = get_tk
    end
    res = get_tkread.tr("\n", " ").strip
    res = "" if res == ";"
    res
  end

  ##
  # Capture the method's parameters. Along the way, look for a comment
  # containing:
  #
  #    # yields: ....
  #
  # and add this as the block_params for the method

  def parse_method_parameters(method)
    res = parse_method_or_yield_parameters(method)
    res = "(" + res + ")" unless res[0] == ?(
    method.params = res unless method.params
    if method.block_params.nil?
      skip_tkspace(false)
      read_documentation_modifiers method, RDoc::METHOD_MODIFIERS
    end
  end

  def parse_module(container, single, tk, comment)
    progress("m")
    @stats.num_modules += 1
    container, name_t = get_class_or_module(container)
#      skip_tkspace
    name = name_t.name

    mod = container.add_module RDoc::NormalModule, name
    mod.record_location @top_level
    read_documentation_modifiers mod, RDoc::CLASS_MODIFIERS
    parse_statements(mod)
    mod.comment = comment
  end

  def parse_require(context, comment)
    skip_tkspace_comment
    tk = get_tk
    if TkLPAREN === tk then
      skip_tkspace_comment
      tk = get_tk
    end

    name = nil
    case tk
    when TkSTRING
      name = tk.text
      #    when TkCONSTANT, TkIDENTIFIER, TkIVAR, TkGVAR
      #      name = tk.name
    when TkDSTRING
      warn "Skipping require of dynamic string: #{tk.text}"
      #   else
      #     warn "'require' used as variable"
    end
    if name
      context.add_require RDoc::Require.new(name, comment)
    else
      unget_tk(tk)
    end
  end

  def parse_statements(container, single = NORMAL, current_method = nil,
                       comment = '')
    nest = 1
    save_visibility = container.visibility

    non_comment_seen = true

    while tk = get_tk do
      keep_comment = false

      non_comment_seen = true unless TkCOMMENT === tk

      case tk
      when TkNL then
        skip_tkspace true # Skip blanks and newlines
        tk = get_tk

        if TkCOMMENT === tk then
          if non_comment_seen then
            # Look for RDoc in a comment about to be thrown away
            parse_comment container, tk, comment unless comment.empty?

            comment = ''
            non_comment_seen = false
          end

          while TkCOMMENT === tk do
            comment << tk.text << "\n"
            tk = get_tk          # this is the newline
            skip_tkspace(false)  # leading spaces
            tk = get_tk
          end

          unless comment.empty? then
            look_for_directives_in container, comment

            if container.done_documenting then
              container.ongoing_visibility = save_visibility
            end
          end

          keep_comment = true
        else
          non_comment_seen = true
        end

        unget_tk tk
        keep_comment = true

      when TkCLASS then
        if container.document_children then
          parse_class container, single, tk, comment
        else
          nest += 1
        end

      when TkMODULE then
        if container.document_children then
          parse_module container, single, tk, comment
        else
          nest += 1
        end

      when TkDEF then
        if container.document_self then
          parse_method container, single, tk, comment
        else
          nest += 1
        end

      when TkCONSTANT then
        if container.document_self then
          parse_constant container, single, tk, comment
        end

      when TkALIAS then
        if container.document_self then
          parse_alias container, single, tk, comment
        end

      when TkYIELD then
        if current_method.nil? then
          warn "Warning: yield outside of method" if container.document_self
        else
          parse_yield container, single, tk, current_method
        end

      # Until and While can have a 'do', which shouldn't increase the nesting.
      # We can't solve the general case, but we can handle most occurrences by
      # ignoring a do at the end of a line.

      when  TkUNTIL, TkWHILE then
        nest += 1
        puts "Found #{tk.class} in #{container.name}, nest = #{nest}, " +
             "line #{tk.line_no}" if $DEBUG_RDOC
        skip_optional_do_after_expression

      # 'for' is trickier
      when TkFOR then
        nest += 1
        puts "Found #{tk.class} in #{container.name}, nest = #{nest}, " +
             "line #{tk.line_no}" if $DEBUG_RDOC
        skip_for_variable
        skip_optional_do_after_expression

      when TkCASE, TkDO, TkIF, TkUNLESS, TkBEGIN then
        nest += 1
        puts "Found #{tk.class} in #{container.name}, nest = #{nest}, " +
             "line #{tk.line_no}" if $DEBUG_RDOC

      when TkIDENTIFIER then
        if nest == 1 and current_method.nil? then
          case tk.name
          when 'private', 'protected', 'public', 'private_class_method',
               'public_class_method', 'module_function' then
            parse_visibility container, single, tk
            keep_comment = true
          when 'attr' then
            parse_attr container, single, tk, comment
          when /^attr_(reader|writer|accessor)$/, @options.extra_accessors then
            parse_attr_accessor container, single, tk, comment
          when 'alias_method' then
            if container.document_self then
              parse_alias container, single, tk, comment
            end
          else
            if container.document_self and comment =~ /\A#\#$/ then
              parse_meta_method container, single, tk, comment
            end
          end
        end

        case tk.name
        when "require" then
          parse_require container, comment
        when "include" then
          parse_include container, comment
        end

      when TkEND then
        nest -= 1
        puts "Found 'end' in #{container.name}, nest = #{nest}, line #{tk.line_no}" if $DEBUG_RDOC
        puts "Method = #{current_method.name}" if $DEBUG_RDOC and current_method
        if nest == 0 then
          read_documentation_modifiers container, RDoc::CLASS_MODIFIERS
          container.ongoing_visibility = save_visibility
          return
        end

      end

      comment = '' unless keep_comment

      begin
        get_tkread
        skip_tkspace(false)
      end while peek_tk == TkNL
    end
  end

  def parse_symbol_arg(no = nil)
    args = []
    skip_tkspace_comment
    case tk = get_tk
    when TkLPAREN
      loop do
        skip_tkspace_comment
        if tk1 = parse_symbol_in_arg
          args.push tk1
          break if no and args.size >= no
        end

        skip_tkspace_comment
        case tk2 = get_tk
        when TkRPAREN
          break
        when TkCOMMA
        else
          warn("unexpected token: '#{tk2.inspect}'") if $DEBUG_RDOC
          break
        end
      end
    else
      unget_tk tk
      if tk = parse_symbol_in_arg
        args.push tk
        return args if no and args.size >= no
      end

      loop do
        skip_tkspace(false)

        tk1 = get_tk
        unless TkCOMMA === tk1 then
          unget_tk tk1
          break
        end

        skip_tkspace_comment
        if tk = parse_symbol_in_arg
          args.push tk
          break if no and args.size >= no
        end
      end
    end
    args
  end

  def parse_symbol_in_arg
    case tk = get_tk
    when TkSYMBOL
      tk.text.sub(/^:/, '')
    when TkSTRING
      eval @read[-1]
    else
      warn("Expected symbol or string, got #{tk.inspect}") if $DEBUG_RDOC
      nil
    end
  end

  def parse_toplevel_statements(container)
    comment = collect_first_comment
    look_for_directives_in(container, comment)
    container.comment = comment unless comment.empty?
    parse_statements container, NORMAL, nil, comment
  end

  def parse_visibility(container, single, tk)
    singleton = (single == SINGLE)

    vis_type = tk.name

    vis = case vis_type
          when 'private'   then :private
          when 'protected' then :protected
          when 'public'    then :public
          when 'private_class_method' then
            singleton = true
            :private
          when 'public_class_method' then
            singleton = true
            :public
          when 'module_function' then
            singleton = true
            :public
          else
            raise "Invalid visibility: #{tk.name}"
          end

    skip_tkspace_comment false

    case peek_tk
      # Ryan Davis suggested the extension to ignore modifiers, because he
      # often writes
      #
      #   protected unless $TESTING
      #
    when TkNL, TkUNLESS_MOD, TkIF_MOD, TkSEMICOLON then
      container.ongoing_visibility = vis
    else
      if vis_type == 'module_function' then
        args = parse_symbol_arg
        container.set_visibility_for args, :private, false

        module_functions = []

        container.methods_matching args do |m|
          s_m = m.dup
          s_m.singleton = true if RDoc::AnyMethod === s_m
          s_m.visibility = :public
          module_functions << s_m
        end

        module_functions.each do |s_m|
          case s_m
          when RDoc::AnyMethod then
            container.add_method s_m
          when RDoc::Attr then
            container.add_attribute s_m
          end
        end
      else
        args = parse_symbol_arg
        container.set_visibility_for args, vis, singleton
      end
    end
  end

  def parse_yield_parameters
    parse_method_or_yield_parameters
  end

  def parse_yield(context, single, tk, method)
    if method.block_params.nil?
      get_tkread
      @scanner.instance_eval{@continue = false}
      method.block_params = parse_yield_parameters
    end
  end

  def peek_read
    @read.join('')
  end

  ##
  # Peek at the next token, but don't remove it from the stream

  def peek_tk
    unget_tk(tk = get_tk)
    tk
  end

  def progress(char)
    unless @options.quiet
      @progress.print(char)
      @progress.flush
    end
  end

  ##
  # Directives are modifier comments that can appear after class, module, or
  # method names. For example:
  #
  #   def fred # :yields: a, b
  #
  # or:
  #
  #   class MyClass # :nodoc:
  #
  # We return the directive name and any parameters as a two element array

  def read_directive(allowed)
    tk = get_tk
    puts "directive: #{tk.text.inspect}" if $DEBUG_RDOC
    result = nil
    if TkCOMMENT === tk
      if tk.text =~ /\s*:?(\w+):\s*(.*)/
        directive = $1.downcase
        if allowed.include?(directive)
          result = [directive, $2]
        end
      end
    else
      unget_tk(tk)
    end
    result
  end

  def read_documentation_modifiers(context, allow)
    dir = read_directive(allow)

    case dir[0]
    when "notnew", "not_new", "not-new" then
      context.dont_rename_initialize = true

    when "nodoc" then
      context.document_self = false
      if dir[1].downcase == "all"
        context.document_children = false
      end

    when "doc" then
      context.document_self = true
      context.force_documentation = true

    when "yield", "yields" then
      unless context.params.nil?
        context.params.sub!(/(,|)\s*&\w+/,'') # remove parameter &proc
      end

      context.block_params = dir[1]

    when "arg", "args" then
      context.params = dir[1]
    end if dir
  end

  def remove_private_comments(comment)
    comment.gsub!(/^#--.*?^#\+\+/m, '')
    comment.sub!(/^#--.*/m, '')
  end

  def remove_token_listener(obj)
    @token_listeners.delete(obj)
  end

  def reset
    @tokens = []
    @unget_read = []
    @read = []
  end

  def scan
    reset

    catch(:eof) do
      catch(:enddoc) do
        begin
          parse_toplevel_statements(@top_level)
        rescue Exception => e
          $stderr.puts <<-EOF


RDoc failure in #{@file_name} at or around line #{@scanner.line_no} column
#{@scanner.char_no}

Before reporting this, could you check that the file you're documenting
compiles cleanly--RDoc is not a full Ruby parser, and gets confused easily if
fed invalid programs.

The internal error was:

          EOF

          e.set_backtrace(e.backtrace[0,4])
          raise
        end
      end
    end

    @top_level
  end

  ##
  # while, until, and for have an optional do

  def skip_optional_do_after_expression
    skip_tkspace(false)
    tk = get_tk
    case tk
    when TkLPAREN, TkfLPAREN
      end_token = TkRPAREN
    else
      end_token = TkNL
    end

    nest = 0
    @scanner.instance_eval{@continue = false}

    loop do
      puts("\nWhile: #{tk.text.inspect}, #{@scanner.continue} " \
           "#{@scanner.lex_state} #{nest}") if $DEBUG_RDOC
      case tk
      when TkSEMICOLON
        break
      when TkLPAREN, TkfLPAREN
        nest += 1
      when TkDO
        break if nest.zero?
      when end_token
        if end_token == TkRPAREN
          nest -= 1
          break if @scanner.lex_state == EXPR_END and nest.zero?
        else
          break unless @scanner.continue
        end
      end
      tk = get_tk
    end
    skip_tkspace(false)

    get_tk if TkDO === peek_tk
  end

  ##
  # skip the var [in] part of a 'for' statement

  def skip_for_variable
    skip_tkspace(false)
    tk = get_tk
    skip_tkspace(false)
    tk = get_tk
    unget_tk(tk) unless TkIN === tk
  end

  def skip_method(container)
    meth = RDoc::AnyMethod.new "", "anon"
    parse_method_parameters(meth)
    parse_statements(container, false, meth)
  end

  ##
  # Skip spaces

  def skip_tkspace(skip_nl = true)
    tokens = []

    while TkSPACE === (tk = get_tk) or (skip_nl and TkNL === tk) do
      tokens.push tk
    end

    unget_tk(tk)
    tokens
  end

  ##
  # Skip spaces until a comment is found

  def skip_tkspace_comment(skip_nl = true)
    loop do
      skip_tkspace(skip_nl)
      return unless TkCOMMENT === peek_tk
      get_tk
    end
  end

  def unget_tk(tk)
    @tokens.unshift tk
    @unget_read.unshift @read.pop

    # Remove this token from any listeners
    @token_listeners.each do |obj|
      obj.pop_token
    end if @token_listeners
  end

  def warn(msg)
    return if @options.quiet
    msg = make_message msg
    $stderr.puts msg
  end

end