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/*
 * $Id$
 * 'OpenSSL for Ruby' project
 * Copyright (C) 2001-2002  Michal Rokos <m.rokos@sh.cvut.cz>
 * All rights reserved.
 */
/*
 * This program is licenced under the same licence as Ruby.
 * (See the file 'LICENCE'.)
 */
#if !defined(OPENSSL_NO_DH)

#include "ossl.h"

#define GetPKeyDH(obj, pkey) do { \
    GetPKey((obj), (pkey)); \
    if (EVP_PKEY_type((pkey)->type) != EVP_PKEY_DH) { /* PARANOIA? */ \
	ossl_raise(rb_eRuntimeError, "THIS IS NOT A DH!") ; \
    } \
} while (0)

#define DH_HAS_PRIVATE(dh) ((dh)->priv_key)

#ifdef OSSL_ENGINE_ENABLED
#  define DH_PRIVATE(dh) (DH_HAS_PRIVATE(dh) || (dh)->engine)
#else
#  define DH_PRIVATE(dh) DH_HAS_PRIVATE(dh)
#endif


/*
 * Classes
 */
VALUE cDH;
VALUE eDHError;

/*
 * Public
 */
static VALUE
dh_instance(VALUE klass, DH *dh)
{
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;
    VALUE obj;

    if (!dh) {
	return Qfalse;
    }
    if (!(pkey = EVP_PKEY_new())) {
	return Qfalse;
    }
    if (!EVP_PKEY_assign_DH(pkey, dh)) {
	EVP_PKEY_free(pkey);
	return Qfalse;
    }
    WrapPKey(klass, obj, pkey);

    return obj;
}

VALUE
ossl_dh_new(EVP_PKEY *pkey)
{
    VALUE obj;

    if (!pkey) {
	obj = dh_instance(cDH, DH_new());
    } else {
	if (EVP_PKEY_type(pkey->type) != EVP_PKEY_DH) {
	    ossl_raise(rb_eTypeError, "Not a DH key!");
	}
	WrapPKey(cDH, obj, pkey);
    }
    if (obj == Qfalse) {
	ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    }

    return obj;
}

/*
 * Private
 */
static DH *
dh_generate(int size, int gen)
{
    DH *dh;

    dh = DH_generate_parameters(size, gen,
	    rb_block_given_p() ? ossl_generate_cb : NULL,
	    NULL);
    if (!dh) return 0;

    if (!DH_generate_key(dh)) {
	DH_free(dh);
	return 0;
    }

    return dh;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     DH.generate(size [, generator]) -> dh
 *
 * Creates a new DH instance from scratch by generating the private and public
 * components alike.
 *
 * === Parameters
 * * +size+ is an integer representing the desired key size. Keys smaller than
 * 1024 bits should be considered insecure.
 * * +generator+ is a small number > 1, typically 2 or 5.
 *
 */
static VALUE
ossl_dh_s_generate(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    DH *dh ;
    int g = 2;
    VALUE size, gen, obj;

    if (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &size, &gen) == 2) {
	g = NUM2INT(gen);
    }
    dh = dh_generate(NUM2INT(size), g);
    obj = dh_instance(klass, dh);
    if (obj == Qfalse) {
	DH_free(dh);
	ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    }

    return obj;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     DH.new([size [, generator] | string]) -> dh
 *
 * Either generates a DH instance from scratch or by reading already existing
 * DH parameters from +string+.
 *
 * === Parameters
 * * +size+ is an integer representing the desired key size. Keys smaller than
 * 1024 bits should be considered insecure.
 * * +generator+ is a small number > 1, typically 2 or 5.
 * * +string+ contains the DER or PEM encoded key.
 *
 * === Examples
 *  DH.new # -> dh
 *  DH.new(1024) # -> dh
 *  DH.new(1024, 5) # -> dh
 *  DH.new(File.read('key.pem')) # -> dh
 */
static VALUE
ossl_dh_initialize(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;
    DH *dh;
    int g = 2;
    BIO *in;
    VALUE arg, gen;

    GetPKey(self, pkey);
    if(rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &arg, &gen) == 0) {
      dh = DH_new();
    }
    else if (FIXNUM_P(arg)) {
	if (!NIL_P(gen)) {
	    g = NUM2INT(gen);
	}
	if (!(dh = dh_generate(FIX2INT(arg), g))) {
	    ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
	}
    }
    else {
	arg = ossl_to_der_if_possible(arg);
	in = ossl_obj2bio(arg);
	dh = PEM_read_bio_DHparams(in, NULL, NULL, NULL);
	if (!dh){
	    (void)BIO_reset(in);
	    (void)ERR_get_error();
	    dh = d2i_DHparams_bio(in, NULL);
	}
	BIO_free(in);
	if (!dh) {
	    (void)ERR_get_error();
	    ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
	}
    }
    if (!EVP_PKEY_assign_DH(pkey, dh)) {
	DH_free(dh);
	ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    }
    return self;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     dh.public? -> true | false
 *
 * Indicates whether this DH instance has a public key associated with it or
 * not. The public key may be retrieved with DH#public_key.
 */
static VALUE
ossl_dh_is_public(VALUE self)
{
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;

    GetPKeyDH(self, pkey);

    return (pkey->pkey.dh->pub_key) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     dh.private? -> true | false
 *
 * Indicates whether this DH instance has a private key associated with it or
 * not. The private key may be retrieved with DH#private_key.
 */
static VALUE
ossl_dh_is_private(VALUE self)
{
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;

    GetPKeyDH(self, pkey);

    return (DH_PRIVATE(pkey->pkey.dh)) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     dh.to_pem -> aString
 *
 * Encodes this DH to its PEM encoding.
 */
static VALUE
ossl_dh_export(VALUE self)
{
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;
    BIO *out;
    VALUE str;

    GetPKeyDH(self, pkey);
    if (!(out = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem()))) {
	ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    }
    if (!PEM_write_bio_DHparams(out, pkey->pkey.dh)) {
	BIO_free(out);
	ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    }
    str = ossl_membio2str(out);

    return str;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     dh.to_der -> aString
 *
 * Encodes this DH to its DER encoding.
 */
static VALUE
ossl_dh_to_der(VALUE self)
{
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;
    unsigned char *p;
    long len;
    VALUE str;

    GetPKeyDH(self, pkey);
    if((len = i2d_DHparams(pkey->pkey.dh, NULL)) <= 0)
	ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    str = rb_str_new(0, len);
    p = (unsigned char *)RSTRING_PTR(str);
    if(i2d_DHparams(pkey->pkey.dh, &p) < 0)
	ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    ossl_str_adjust(str, p);

    return str;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     dh.params -> hash
 *
 * Stores all parameters of key to the hash
 * INSECURE: PRIVATE INFORMATIONS CAN LEAK OUT!!!
 * Don't use :-)) (I's up to you)
 */
static VALUE
ossl_dh_get_params(VALUE self)
{
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;
    VALUE hash;

    GetPKeyDH(self, pkey);

    hash = rb_hash_new();

    rb_hash_aset(hash, rb_str_new2("p"), ossl_bn_new(pkey->pkey.dh->p));
    rb_hash_aset(hash, rb_str_new2("g"), ossl_bn_new(pkey->pkey.dh->g));
    rb_hash_aset(hash, rb_str_new2("pub_key"), ossl_bn_new(pkey->pkey.dh->pub_key));
    rb_hash_aset(hash, rb_str_new2("priv_key"), ossl_bn_new(pkey->pkey.dh->priv_key));

    return hash;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     dh.to_text -> aString
 *
 * Prints all parameters of key to buffer
 * INSECURE: PRIVATE INFORMATIONS CAN LEAK OUT!!!
 * Don't use :-)) (I's up to you)
 */
static VALUE
ossl_dh_to_text(VALUE self)
{
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;
    BIO *out;
    VALUE str;

    GetPKeyDH(self, pkey);
    if (!(out = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem()))) {
	ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    }
    if (!DHparams_print(out, pkey->pkey.dh)) {
	BIO_free(out);
	ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    }
    str = ossl_membio2str(out);

    return str;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     dh.public_key -> aDH
 *
 * Returns a new DH instance that carries just the public information.
 * If the current instance has also private information, this will no
 * longer be present in the new instance. This feature is helpful for
 * publishing the public information without leaking any of the private
 * information.
 *
 * === Example
 *  dh = OpenSSL::PKey::DH.new(2048) # has public and private information
 *  pub_key = dh.public_key # has only the public part available
 *  pub_key_der = pub_key.to_der # it's safe to publish this
 */
static VALUE
ossl_dh_to_public_key(VALUE self)
{
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;
    DH *dh;
    VALUE obj;

    GetPKeyDH(self, pkey);
    dh = DHparams_dup(pkey->pkey.dh); /* err check perfomed by dh_instance */
    obj = dh_instance(CLASS_OF(self), dh);
    if (obj == Qfalse) {
	DH_free(dh);
	ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    }

    return obj;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     dh.check_params -> true | false
 *
 * Validates the Diffie-Hellman parameters associated with this instance.
 * It checks whether a safe prime and a suitable generator are used. If this
 * is not the case, +false+ is returned.
 */
static VALUE
ossl_dh_check_params(VALUE self)
{
    DH *dh;
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;
    int codes;

    GetPKeyDH(self, pkey);
    dh = pkey->pkey.dh;

    if (!DH_check(dh, &codes)) {
	return Qfalse;
    }

    return codes == 0 ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     dh.generate_key -> self
 *
 * Generates a private key unless one already exists. It also computes the
 * public key for the generated private key.
 */
static VALUE
ossl_dh_generate_key(VALUE self)
{
    DH *dh;
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;

    GetPKeyDH(self, pkey);
    dh = pkey->pkey.dh;

    if (!DH_generate_key(dh))
	ossl_raise(eDHError, "Failed to generate key");
    return self;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     dh.compute_key(pub_bn) -> aString
 *
 * Returns aString containing a shared secret computed from the other parties public value.
 * See DH_compute_key() for further information.
 *
 * === Parameters
 * * +pub_bn+ is a OpenSSL::BN.
 */
static VALUE
ossl_dh_compute_key(VALUE self, VALUE pub)
{
    DH *dh;
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;
    BIGNUM *pub_key;
    VALUE str;
    int len;

    GetPKeyDH(self, pkey);
    dh = pkey->pkey.dh;
    pub_key = GetBNPtr(pub);
    len = DH_size(dh);
    str = rb_str_new(0, len);
    if ((len = DH_compute_key((unsigned char *)RSTRING_PTR(str), pub_key, dh)) < 0) {
	ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    }
    rb_str_set_len(str, len);

    return str;
}

OSSL_PKEY_BN(dh, p)
OSSL_PKEY_BN(dh, g)
OSSL_PKEY_BN(dh, pub_key)
OSSL_PKEY_BN(dh, priv_key)

/*
 * -----BEGIN DH PARAMETERS-----
 * MEYCQQD0zXHljRg/mJ9PYLACLv58Cd8VxBxxY7oEuCeURMiTqEhMym16rhhKgZG2
 * zk2O9uUIBIxSj+NKMURHGaFKyIvLAgEC
 * -----END DH PARAMETERS-----
 */
static unsigned char DEFAULT_DH_512_PRIM[] = {
    0xf4, 0xcd, 0x71, 0xe5, 0x8d, 0x18, 0x3f, 0x98,
    0x9f, 0x4f, 0x60, 0xb0, 0x02, 0x2e, 0xfe, 0x7c,
    0x09, 0xdf, 0x15, 0xc4, 0x1c, 0x71, 0x63, 0xba,
    0x04, 0xb8, 0x27, 0x94, 0x44, 0xc8, 0x93, 0xa8,
    0x48, 0x4c, 0xca, 0x6d, 0x7a, 0xae, 0x18, 0x4a,
    0x81, 0x91, 0xb6, 0xce, 0x4d, 0x8e, 0xf6, 0xe5,
    0x08, 0x04, 0x8c, 0x52, 0x8f, 0xe3, 0x4a, 0x31,
    0x44, 0x47, 0x19, 0xa1, 0x4a, 0xc8, 0x8b, 0xcb,
};
static unsigned char DEFAULT_DH_512_GEN[] = { 0x02 };
DH *OSSL_DEFAULT_DH_512 = NULL;

/*
 * -----BEGIN DH PARAMETERS-----
 * MIGHAoGBAJ0lOVy0VIr/JebWn0zDwY2h+rqITFOpdNr6ugsgvkDXuucdcChhYExJ
 * AV/ZD2AWPbrTqV76mGRgJg4EddgT1zG0jq3rnFdMj2XzkBYx3BVvfR0Arnby0RHR
 * T4h7KZ/2zmjvV+eF8kBUHBJAojUlzxKj4QeO2x20FP9X5xmNUXeDAgEC
 * -----END DH PARAMETERS-----
 */
static unsigned char DEFAULT_DH_1024_PRIM[] = {
    0x9d, 0x25, 0x39, 0x5c, 0xb4, 0x54, 0x8a, 0xff,
    0x25, 0xe6, 0xd6, 0x9f, 0x4c, 0xc3, 0xc1, 0x8d,
    0xa1, 0xfa, 0xba, 0x88, 0x4c, 0x53, 0xa9, 0x74,
    0xda, 0xfa, 0xba, 0x0b, 0x20, 0xbe, 0x40, 0xd7,
    0xba, 0xe7, 0x1d, 0x70, 0x28, 0x61, 0x60, 0x4c,
    0x49, 0x01, 0x5f, 0xd9, 0x0f, 0x60, 0x16, 0x3d,
    0xba, 0xd3, 0xa9, 0x5e, 0xfa, 0x98, 0x64, 0x60,
    0x26, 0x0e, 0x04, 0x75, 0xd8, 0x13, 0xd7, 0x31,
    0xb4, 0x8e, 0xad, 0xeb, 0x9c, 0x57, 0x4c, 0x8f,
    0x65, 0xf3, 0x90, 0x16, 0x31, 0xdc, 0x15, 0x6f,
    0x7d, 0x1d, 0x00, 0xae, 0x76, 0xf2, 0xd1, 0x11,
    0xd1, 0x4f, 0x88, 0x7b, 0x29, 0x9f, 0xf6, 0xce,
    0x68, 0xef, 0x57, 0xe7, 0x85, 0xf2, 0x40, 0x54,
    0x1c, 0x12, 0x40, 0xa2, 0x35, 0x25, 0xcf, 0x12,
    0xa3, 0xe1, 0x07, 0x8e, 0xdb, 0x1d, 0xb4, 0x14,
    0xff, 0x57, 0xe7, 0x19, 0x8d, 0x51, 0x77, 0x83
};
static unsigned char DEFAULT_DH_1024_GEN[] = { 0x02 };
DH *OSSL_DEFAULT_DH_1024 = NULL;

static DH*
ossl_create_dh(unsigned char *p, size_t plen, unsigned char *g, size_t glen)
{
    DH *dh;

    if ((dh = DH_new()) == NULL) ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    dh->p = BN_bin2bn(p, rb_long2int(plen), NULL);
    dh->g = BN_bin2bn(g, rb_long2int(glen), NULL);
    if (dh->p == NULL || dh->g == NULL){
        DH_free(dh);
	ossl_raise(eDHError, NULL);
    }

    return dh;
}

/*
 * INIT
 */
void
Init_ossl_dh()
{
#if 0
    mOSSL = rb_define_module("OpenSSL"); /* let rdoc know about mOSSL and mPKey */
    mPKey = rb_define_module_under(mOSSL, "PKey");
#endif

    /* Document-class: OpenSSL::PKey::DHError
     *
     * Generic exception that is raised if an operation on a DH PKey
     * fails unexpectedly or in case an instantiation of an instance of DH
     * fails due to non-conformant input data.
     */
    eDHError = rb_define_class_under(mPKey, "DHError", ePKeyError);
    /* Document-class: OpenSSL::PKey::DH
     *
     * An implementation of the Diffie-Hellman key exchange protocol based on
     * discrete logarithms in finite fields, the same basis that DSA is built
     * on.
     */
    cDH = rb_define_class_under(mPKey, "DH", cPKey);
    rb_define_singleton_method(cDH, "generate", ossl_dh_s_generate, -1);
    rb_define_method(cDH, "initialize", ossl_dh_initialize, -1);
    rb_define_method(cDH, "public?", ossl_dh_is_public, 0);
    rb_define_method(cDH, "private?", ossl_dh_is_private, 0);
    rb_define_method(cDH, "to_text", ossl_dh_to_text, 0);
    rb_define_method(cDH, "export", ossl_dh_export, 0);
    rb_define_alias(cDH, "to_pem", "export");
    rb_define_alias(cDH, "to_s", "export");
    rb_define_method(cDH, "to_der", ossl_dh_to_der, 0);
    rb_define_method(cDH, "public_key", ossl_dh_to_public_key, 0);
    rb_define_method(cDH, "params_ok?", ossl_dh_check_params, 0);
    rb_define_method(cDH, "generate_key!", ossl_dh_generate_key, 0);
    rb_define_method(cDH, "compute_key", ossl_dh_compute_key, 1);
    DEF_OSSL_PKEY_BN(cDH, dh, p);
    DEF_OSSL_PKEY_BN(cDH, dh, g);
    DEF_OSSL_PKEY_BN(cDH, dh, pub_key);
    DEF_OSSL_PKEY_BN(cDH, dh, priv_key);
    rb_define_method(cDH, "params", ossl_dh_get_params, 0);

    OSSL_DEFAULT_DH_512 = ossl_create_dh(
	DEFAULT_DH_512_PRIM, sizeof(DEFAULT_DH_512_PRIM),
	DEFAULT_DH_512_GEN, sizeof(DEFAULT_DH_512_GEN));
    OSSL_DEFAULT_DH_1024 = ossl_create_dh(
	DEFAULT_DH_1024_PRIM, sizeof(DEFAULT_DH_1024_PRIM),
	DEFAULT_DH_1024_GEN, sizeof(DEFAULT_DH_1024_GEN));
}

#else /* defined NO_DH */
void
Init_ossl_dh()
{
}
#endif /* NO_DH */