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path: root/ext/io/console/console.c
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/* -*- c-file-style: "ruby" -*- */
/*
 * console IO module
 */
#include "ruby.h"
#include "ruby/io.h"

#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_FCNTL_H
#include <fcntl.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_IOCTL_H
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#endif

#if defined HAVE_TERMIOS_H
# include <termios.h>
typedef struct termios conmode;

static int
setattr(int fd, conmode *t)
{
    while (tcsetattr(fd, TCSAFLUSH, t)) {
	if (errno != EINTR) return 0;
    }
    return 1;
}
# define getattr(fd, t) (tcgetattr(fd, t) == 0)
#elif defined HAVE_TERMIO_H
# include <termio.h>
typedef struct termio conmode;
# define setattr(fd, t) (ioctl(fd, TCSETAF, t) == 0)
# define getattr(fd, t) (ioctl(fd, TCGETA, t) == 0)
#elif defined HAVE_SGTTY_H
# include <sgtty.h>
typedef struct sgttyb conmode;
# ifdef HAVE_STTY
# define setattr(fd, t)  (stty(fd, t) == 0)
# else
# define setattr(fd, t)  (ioctl((fd), TIOCSETP, (t)) == 0)
# endif
# ifdef HAVE_GTTY
# define getattr(fd, t)  (gtty(fd, t) == 0)
# else
# define getattr(fd, t)  (ioctl((fd), TIOCGETP, (t)) == 0)
# endif
#elif defined _WIN32
#include <winioctl.h>
#include <conio.h>
typedef DWORD conmode;

#define LAST_ERROR rb_w32_map_errno(GetLastError())
#define SET_LAST_ERROR (errno = LAST_ERROR, 0)

static int
setattr(int fd, conmode *t)
{
    int x = SetConsoleMode((HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(fd), *t);
    if (!x) errno = LAST_ERROR;
    return x;
}

static int
getattr(int fd, conmode *t)
{
    int x = GetConsoleMode((HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(fd), t);
    if (!x) errno = LAST_ERROR;
    return x;
}
#endif
#ifndef SET_LAST_ERROR
#define SET_LAST_ERROR (0)
#endif

static ID id_getc, id_console, id_close, id_min, id_time, id_intr;
#if ENABLE_IO_GETPASS
static ID id_gets;
#endif

#ifndef HAVE_RB_F_SEND
static ID id___send__;

static VALUE
rb_f_send(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE recv)
{
    VALUE sym = argv[0];
    ID vid = rb_check_id(&sym);
    if (vid) {
	--argc;
	++argv;
    }
    else {
	vid = id___send__;
    }
    return rb_funcallv(recv, vid, argc, argv);
}
#endif

typedef struct {
    int vmin;
    int vtime;
    int intr;
} rawmode_arg_t;

static rawmode_arg_t *
rawmode_opt(int *argcp, VALUE *argv, int min_argc, int max_argc, rawmode_arg_t *opts)
{
    int argc = *argcp;
    rawmode_arg_t *optp = NULL;
    VALUE vopts = Qnil;
    if (argc > min_argc)  {
	vopts = rb_check_hash_type(argv[argc-1]);
	if (!NIL_P(vopts)) {
	    argv[argc-1] = vopts;
	    vopts = rb_extract_keywords(&argv[argc-1]);
	    if (!argv[argc-1]) *argcp = --argc;
	    if (!vopts) vopts = Qnil;
	}
    }
    rb_check_arity(argc, min_argc, max_argc);
    if (!NIL_P(vopts)) {
	VALUE vmin = rb_hash_aref(vopts, ID2SYM(id_min));
	VALUE vtime = rb_hash_aref(vopts, ID2SYM(id_time));
	VALUE intr = rb_hash_aref(vopts, ID2SYM(id_intr));
	/* default values by `stty raw` */
	opts->vmin = 1;
	opts->vtime = 0;
	opts->intr = 0;
	if (!NIL_P(vmin)) {
	    opts->vmin = NUM2INT(vmin);
	    optp = opts;
	}
	if (!NIL_P(vtime)) {
	    VALUE v10 = INT2FIX(10);
	    vtime = rb_funcall3(vtime, '*', 1, &v10);
	    opts->vtime = NUM2INT(vtime);
	    optp = opts;
	}
	switch (intr) {
	  case Qtrue:
	    opts->intr = 1;
	    optp = opts;
	    break;
	  case Qfalse:
	    opts->intr = 0;
	    optp = opts;
	    break;
	  case Qnil:
	    break;
	  default:
	    rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "true or false expected as intr: %"PRIsVALUE,
		     intr);
	}
    }
    return optp;
}

static void
set_rawmode(conmode *t, void *arg)
{
#ifdef HAVE_CFMAKERAW
    cfmakeraw(t);
    t->c_lflag &= ~(ECHOE|ECHOK);
#elif defined HAVE_TERMIOS_H || defined HAVE_TERMIO_H
    t->c_iflag &= ~(IGNBRK|BRKINT|PARMRK|ISTRIP|INLCR|IGNCR|ICRNL|IXON);
    t->c_oflag &= ~OPOST;
    t->c_lflag &= ~(ECHO|ECHOE|ECHOK|ECHONL|ICANON|ISIG|IEXTEN);
    t->c_cflag &= ~(CSIZE|PARENB);
    t->c_cflag |= CS8;
#elif defined HAVE_SGTTY_H
    t->sg_flags &= ~ECHO;
    t->sg_flags |= RAW;
#elif defined _WIN32
    *t = 0;
#endif
    if (arg) {
	const rawmode_arg_t *r = arg;
#ifdef VMIN
	if (r->vmin >= 0) t->c_cc[VMIN] = r->vmin;
#endif
#ifdef VTIME
	if (r->vtime >= 0) t->c_cc[VTIME] = r->vtime;
#endif
#ifdef ISIG
	if (r->intr) {
	    t->c_iflag |= BRKINT|IXON;
	    t->c_lflag |= ISIG|IEXTEN;
	}
#endif
    }
}

static void
set_cookedmode(conmode *t, void *arg)
{
#if defined HAVE_TERMIOS_H || defined HAVE_TERMIO_H
    t->c_iflag |= (BRKINT|ISTRIP|ICRNL|IXON);
    t->c_oflag |= OPOST;
    t->c_lflag |= (ECHO|ECHOE|ECHOK|ECHONL|ICANON|ISIG|IEXTEN);
#elif defined HAVE_SGTTY_H
    t->sg_flags |= ECHO;
    t->sg_flags &= ~RAW;
#elif defined _WIN32
    *t |= ENABLE_ECHO_INPUT|ENABLE_LINE_INPUT|ENABLE_PROCESSED_INPUT;
#endif
}

static void
set_noecho(conmode *t, void *arg)
{
#if defined HAVE_TERMIOS_H || defined HAVE_TERMIO_H
    t->c_lflag &= ~(ECHO | ECHOE | ECHOK | ECHONL);
#elif defined HAVE_SGTTY_H
    t->sg_flags &= ~ECHO;
#elif defined _WIN32
    *t &= ~ENABLE_ECHO_INPUT;
#endif
}

static void
set_echo(conmode *t, void *arg)
{
#if defined HAVE_TERMIOS_H || defined HAVE_TERMIO_H
    t->c_lflag |= (ECHO | ECHOE | ECHOK | ECHONL);
#elif defined HAVE_SGTTY_H
    t->sg_flags |= ECHO;
#elif defined _WIN32
    *t |= ENABLE_ECHO_INPUT;
#endif
}

static int
echo_p(conmode *t)
{
#if defined HAVE_TERMIOS_H || defined HAVE_TERMIO_H
    return (t->c_lflag & (ECHO | ECHONL)) != 0;
#elif defined HAVE_SGTTY_H
    return (t->sg_flags & ECHO) != 0;
#elif defined _WIN32
    return (*t & ENABLE_ECHO_INPUT) != 0;
#endif
}

static int
set_ttymode(int fd, conmode *t, void (*setter)(conmode *, void *), void *arg)
{
    conmode r;
    if (!getattr(fd, t)) return 0;
    r = *t;
    setter(&r, arg);
    return setattr(fd, &r);
}

#define GetReadFD(fptr) ((fptr)->fd)

static inline int
get_write_fd(const rb_io_t *fptr)
{
    VALUE wio = fptr->tied_io_for_writing;
    rb_io_t *ofptr;
    if (!wio) return fptr->fd;
    GetOpenFile(wio, ofptr);
    return ofptr->fd;
}
#define GetWriteFD(fptr) get_write_fd(fptr)

#define FD_PER_IO 2

static VALUE
ttymode(VALUE io, VALUE (*func)(VALUE), VALUE farg, void (*setter)(conmode *, void *), void *arg)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int status = -1;
    int error = 0;
    int fd[FD_PER_IO];
    conmode t[FD_PER_IO];
    VALUE result = Qnil;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd[0] = GetReadFD(fptr);
    if (fd[0] != -1) {
	if (set_ttymode(fd[0], t+0, setter, arg)) {
	    status = 0;
	}
	else {
	    error = errno;
	    fd[0] = -1;
	}
    }
    fd[1] = GetWriteFD(fptr);
    if (fd[1] != -1 && fd[1] != fd[0]) {
	if (set_ttymode(fd[1], t+1, setter, arg)) {
	    status = 0;
	}
	else {
	    error = errno;
	    fd[1] = -1;
	}
    }
    if (status == 0) {
	result = rb_protect(func, farg, &status);
    }
    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    if (fd[0] != -1 && fd[0] == GetReadFD(fptr)) {
	if (!setattr(fd[0], t+0)) {
	    error = errno;
	    status = -1;
	}
    }
    if (fd[1] != -1 && fd[1] != fd[0] && fd[1] == GetWriteFD(fptr)) {
	if (!setattr(fd[1], t+1)) {
	    error = errno;
	    status = -1;
	}
    }
    if (status) {
	if (status == -1) {
	    rb_syserr_fail(error, 0);
	}
	rb_jump_tag(status);
    }
    return result;
}

#if !defined _WIN32
struct ttymode_callback_args {
    VALUE (*func)(VALUE, VALUE);
    VALUE io;
    VALUE farg;
};

static VALUE
ttymode_callback(VALUE args)
{
    struct ttymode_callback_args *argp = (struct ttymode_callback_args *)args;
    return argp->func(argp->io, argp->farg);
}

static VALUE
ttymode_with_io(VALUE io, VALUE (*func)(VALUE, VALUE), VALUE farg, void (*setter)(conmode *, void *), void *arg)
{
    struct ttymode_callback_args cargs;
    cargs.func = func;
    cargs.io = io;
    cargs.farg = farg;
    return ttymode(io, ttymode_callback, (VALUE)&cargs, setter, arg);
}
#endif

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.raw(min: nil, time: nil) {|io| }
 *
 * Yields +self+ within raw mode.
 *
 *   STDIN.raw(&:gets)
 *
 * will read and return a line without echo back and line editing.
 *
 * The parameter +min+ specifies the minimum number of bytes that
 * should be received when a read operation is performed. (default: 1)
 *
 * The parameter +time+ specifies the timeout in _seconds_ with a
 * precision of 1/10 of a second. (default: 0)
 *
 * Refer to the manual page of termios for further details.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_raw(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE io)
{
    rawmode_arg_t opts, *optp = rawmode_opt(&argc, argv, 0, 0, &opts);
    return ttymode(io, rb_yield, io, set_rawmode, optp);
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.raw!(min: nil, time: nil)
 *
 * Enables raw mode.
 *
 * If the terminal mode needs to be back, use io.raw { ... }.
 *
 * See IO#raw for details on the parameters.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_set_raw(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE io)
{
    conmode t;
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int fd;
    rawmode_arg_t opts, *optp = rawmode_opt(&argc, argv, 0, 0, &opts);

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd = GetReadFD(fptr);
    if (!getattr(fd, &t)) rb_sys_fail(0);
    set_rawmode(&t, optp);
    if (!setattr(fd, &t)) rb_sys_fail(0);
    return io;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.cooked {|io| }
 *
 * Yields +self+ within cooked mode.
 *
 *   STDIN.cooked(&:gets)
 *
 * will read and return a line with echo back and line editing.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_cooked(VALUE io)
{
    return ttymode(io, rb_yield, io, set_cookedmode, NULL);
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.cooked!
 *
 * Enables cooked mode.
 *
 * If the terminal mode needs to be back, use io.cooked { ... }.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_set_cooked(VALUE io)
{
    conmode t;
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int fd;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd = GetReadFD(fptr);
    if (!getattr(fd, &t)) rb_sys_fail(0);
    set_cookedmode(&t, NULL);
    if (!setattr(fd, &t)) rb_sys_fail(0);
    return io;
}

#ifndef _WIN32
static VALUE
getc_call(VALUE io)
{
    return rb_funcallv(io, id_getc, 0, 0);
}
#else
static VALUE
nogvl_getch(void *p)
{
    int len = 0;
    wint_t *buf = p, c = _getwch();

    switch (c) {
      case WEOF:
	break;
	return (VALUE)0;
      case 0x00:
      case 0xe0:
	buf[len++] = c;
	c = _getwch();
	/* fall through */
      default:
	buf[len++] = c;
	break;
    }
    return (VALUE)len;
}
#endif

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.getch(min: nil, time: nil)       -> char
 *
 * Reads and returns a character in raw mode.
 *
 * See IO#raw for details on the parameters.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_getch(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE io)
{
    rawmode_arg_t opts, *optp = rawmode_opt(&argc, argv, 0, 0, &opts);
#ifndef _WIN32
    return ttymode(io, getc_call, io, set_rawmode, optp);
#else
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    VALUE str;
    wint_t c;
    int w, len;
    char buf[8];
    wint_t wbuf[2];
    struct timeval *to = NULL, tv;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    if (optp) {
	if (optp->vtime) {
	    to = &tv;
	    tv.tv_sec = optp->vtime / 10;
	    tv.tv_usec = (optp->vtime % 10) * 100000;
	}
	if (optp->vmin != 1) {
	    rb_warning("min option ignored");
	}
	if (optp->intr) {
	    w = rb_wait_for_single_fd(fptr->fd, RB_WAITFD_IN, to);
	    if (w < 0) rb_eof_error();
	    if (!(w & RB_WAITFD_IN)) return Qnil;
	}
	else {
	    rb_warning("vtime option ignored if intr flag is unset");
	}
    }
    len = (int)rb_thread_io_blocking_region(nogvl_getch, wbuf, fptr->fd);
    switch (len) {
      case 0:
	return Qnil;
      case 2:
	buf[0] = (char)wbuf[0];
	c = wbuf[1];
	len = 1;
	do {
	    buf[len++] = (unsigned char)c;
	} while ((c >>= CHAR_BIT) && len < (int)sizeof(buf));
	return rb_str_new(buf, len);
      default:
	c = wbuf[0];
	len = rb_uv_to_utf8(buf, c);
	str = rb_utf8_str_new(buf, len);
	return rb_str_conv_enc(str, NULL, rb_default_external_encoding());
    }
#endif
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.noecho {|io| }
 *
 * Yields +self+ with disabling echo back.
 *
 *   STDIN.noecho(&:gets)
 *
 * will read and return a line without echo back.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_noecho(VALUE io)
{
    return ttymode(io, rb_yield, io, set_noecho, NULL);
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.echo = flag
 *
 * Enables/disables echo back.
 * On some platforms, all combinations of this flags and raw/cooked
 * mode may not be valid.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_set_echo(VALUE io, VALUE f)
{
    conmode t;
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int fd;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd = GetReadFD(fptr);
    if (!getattr(fd, &t)) rb_sys_fail(0);
    if (RTEST(f))
	set_echo(&t, NULL);
    else
	set_noecho(&t, NULL);
    if (!setattr(fd, &t)) rb_sys_fail(0);
    return io;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.echo?       -> true or false
 *
 * Returns +true+ if echo back is enabled.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_echo_p(VALUE io)
{
    conmode t;
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int fd;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd = GetReadFD(fptr);
    if (!getattr(fd, &t)) rb_sys_fail(0);
    return echo_p(&t) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}

static const rb_data_type_t conmode_type = {
    "console-mode",
    {0, RUBY_TYPED_DEFAULT_FREE,},
    0, 0,
    RUBY_TYPED_FREE_IMMEDIATELY | RUBY_TYPED_WB_PROTECTED,
};
static VALUE cConmode;

static VALUE
conmode_alloc(VALUE klass)
{
    return rb_data_typed_object_zalloc(klass, sizeof(conmode), &conmode_type);
}

static VALUE
conmode_new(VALUE klass, const conmode *t)
{
    VALUE obj = conmode_alloc(klass);
    *(conmode *)DATA_PTR(obj) = *t;
    return obj;
}

static VALUE
conmode_init_copy(VALUE obj, VALUE obj2)
{
    conmode *t = rb_check_typeddata(obj, &conmode_type);
    conmode *t2 = rb_check_typeddata(obj2, &conmode_type);
    *t = *t2;
    return obj;
}

static VALUE
conmode_set_echo(VALUE obj, VALUE f)
{
    conmode *t = rb_check_typeddata(obj, &conmode_type);
    if (RTEST(f))
	set_echo(t, NULL);
    else
	set_noecho(t, NULL);
    return obj;
}

static VALUE
conmode_set_raw(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
    conmode *t = rb_check_typeddata(obj, &conmode_type);
    rawmode_arg_t opts, *optp = rawmode_opt(&argc, argv, 0, 0, &opts);

    set_rawmode(t, optp);
    return obj;
}

static VALUE
conmode_raw_new(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
    conmode *r = rb_check_typeddata(obj, &conmode_type);
    conmode t = *r;
    rawmode_arg_t opts, *optp = rawmode_opt(&argc, argv, 0, 0, &opts);

    set_rawmode(&t, optp);
    return conmode_new(rb_obj_class(obj), &t);
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.console_mode       -> mode
 *
 * Returns a data represents the current console mode.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_conmode_get(VALUE io)
{
    conmode t;
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int fd;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd = GetReadFD(fptr);
    if (!getattr(fd, &t)) rb_sys_fail(0);

    return conmode_new(cConmode, &t);
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.console_mode = mode
 *
 * Sets the console mode to +mode+.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_conmode_set(VALUE io, VALUE mode)
{
    conmode *t, r;
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int fd;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(mode, conmode, &conmode_type, t);
    r = *t;
    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd = GetReadFD(fptr);
    if (!setattr(fd, &r)) rb_sys_fail(0);

    return mode;
}

#if defined TIOCGWINSZ
typedef struct winsize rb_console_size_t;
#define getwinsize(fd, buf) (ioctl((fd), TIOCGWINSZ, (buf)) == 0)
#define setwinsize(fd, buf) (ioctl((fd), TIOCSWINSZ, (buf)) == 0)
#define winsize_row(buf) (buf)->ws_row
#define winsize_col(buf) (buf)->ws_col
#elif defined _WIN32
typedef CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO rb_console_size_t;
#define getwinsize(fd, buf) ( \
    GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo((HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(fd), (buf)) || \
    SET_LAST_ERROR)
#define winsize_row(buf) ((buf)->srWindow.Bottom - (buf)->srWindow.Top + 1)
#define winsize_col(buf) (buf)->dwSize.X
#endif

#if defined TIOCGWINSZ || defined _WIN32
#define USE_CONSOLE_GETSIZE 1
#endif

#ifdef USE_CONSOLE_GETSIZE
/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.winsize     -> [rows, columns]
 *
 * Returns console size.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_winsize(VALUE io)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int fd;
    rb_console_size_t ws;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd = GetWriteFD(fptr);
    if (!getwinsize(fd, &ws)) rb_sys_fail(0);
    return rb_assoc_new(INT2NUM(winsize_row(&ws)), INT2NUM(winsize_col(&ws)));
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.winsize = [rows, columns]
 *
 * Tries to set console size.  The effect depends on the platform and
 * the running environment.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_set_winsize(VALUE io, VALUE size)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    rb_console_size_t ws;
#if defined _WIN32
    HANDLE wh;
    int newrow, newcol;
    BOOL ret;
#endif
    VALUE row, col, xpixel, ypixel;
    const VALUE *sz;
    int fd;
    long sizelen;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    size = rb_Array(size);
    if ((sizelen = RARRAY_LEN(size)) != 2 && sizelen != 4) {
	rb_raise(rb_eArgError,
		 "wrong number of arguments (given %ld, expected 2 or 4)",
		 sizelen);
    }
    sz = RARRAY_CONST_PTR(size);
    row = sz[0], col = sz[1], xpixel = ypixel = Qnil;
    if (sizelen == 4) xpixel = sz[2], ypixel = sz[3];
    fd = GetWriteFD(fptr);
#if defined TIOCSWINSZ
    ws.ws_row = ws.ws_col = ws.ws_xpixel = ws.ws_ypixel = 0;
#define SET(m) ws.ws_##m = NIL_P(m) ? 0 : (unsigned short)NUM2UINT(m)
    SET(row);
    SET(col);
    SET(xpixel);
    SET(ypixel);
#undef SET
    if (!setwinsize(fd, &ws)) rb_sys_fail(0);
#elif defined _WIN32
    wh = (HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(fd);
#define SET(m) new##m = NIL_P(m) ? 0 : (unsigned short)NUM2UINT(m)
    SET(row);
    SET(col);
#undef SET
    if (!NIL_P(xpixel)) (void)NUM2UINT(xpixel);
    if (!NIL_P(ypixel)) (void)NUM2UINT(ypixel);
    if (!GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(wh, &ws)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, "GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo");
    }
    ws.dwSize.X = newcol;
    ret = SetConsoleScreenBufferSize(wh, ws.dwSize);
    ws.srWindow.Left = 0;
    ws.srWindow.Top = 0;
    ws.srWindow.Right = newcol-1;
    ws.srWindow.Bottom = newrow-1;
    if (!SetConsoleWindowInfo(wh, TRUE, &ws.srWindow)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, "SetConsoleWindowInfo");
    }
    /* retry when shrinking buffer after shrunk window */
    if (!ret && !SetConsoleScreenBufferSize(wh, ws.dwSize)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, "SetConsoleScreenBufferInfo");
    }
    /* remove scrollbar if possible */
    if (!SetConsoleWindowInfo(wh, TRUE, &ws.srWindow)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, "SetConsoleWindowInfo");
    }
#endif
    return io;
}
#endif

#ifdef _WIN32
static VALUE
console_check_winsize_changed(VALUE io)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    HANDLE h;
    DWORD num;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    h = (HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(GetReadFD(fptr));
    while (GetNumberOfConsoleInputEvents(h, &num) && num > 0) {
	INPUT_RECORD rec;
	if (ReadConsoleInput(h, &rec, 1, &num)) {
	    if (rec.EventType == WINDOW_BUFFER_SIZE_EVENT) {
		rb_yield(Qnil);
	    }
	}
    }
    return io;
}
#else
#define console_check_winsize_changed rb_f_notimplement
#endif

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.iflush
 *
 * Flushes input buffer in kernel.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_iflush(VALUE io)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int fd;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd = GetReadFD(fptr);
#if defined HAVE_TERMIOS_H || defined HAVE_TERMIO_H
    if (tcflush(fd, TCIFLUSH)) rb_sys_fail(0);
#endif
    (void)fd;
    return io;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.oflush
 *
 * Flushes output buffer in kernel.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_oflush(VALUE io)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int fd;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd = GetWriteFD(fptr);
#if defined HAVE_TERMIOS_H || defined HAVE_TERMIO_H
    if (tcflush(fd, TCOFLUSH)) rb_sys_fail(0);
#endif
    (void)fd;
    return io;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.ioflush
 *
 * Flushes input and output buffers in kernel.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_ioflush(VALUE io)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
#if defined HAVE_TERMIOS_H || defined HAVE_TERMIO_H
    int fd1, fd2;
#endif

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
#if defined HAVE_TERMIOS_H || defined HAVE_TERMIO_H
    fd1 = GetReadFD(fptr);
    fd2 = GetWriteFD(fptr);
    if (fd2 != -1 && fd1 != fd2) {
	if (tcflush(fd1, TCIFLUSH)) rb_sys_fail(0);
	if (tcflush(fd2, TCOFLUSH)) rb_sys_fail(0);
    }
    else {
	if (tcflush(fd1, TCIOFLUSH)) rb_sys_fail(0);
    }
#endif
    return io;
}

static VALUE
console_beep(VALUE io)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int fd;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd = GetWriteFD(fptr);
#ifdef _WIN32
    (void)fd;
    MessageBeep(0);
#else
    if (write(fd, "\a", 1) < 0)
	rb_sys_fail(0);
#endif
    return io;
}

static int
mode_in_range(VALUE val, int high, const char *modename)
{
    int mode;
    if (NIL_P(val)) return 0;
    if (!RB_INTEGER_TYPE_P(val)) {
      wrong_value:
	rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong %s mode: %"PRIsVALUE, modename, val);
    }
    if ((mode = NUM2INT(val)) < 0 || mode > high) {
	goto wrong_value;
    }
    return mode;
}

#if defined _WIN32
static VALUE
console_goto(VALUE io, VALUE y, VALUE x)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int fd;
    COORD pos;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd = GetWriteFD(fptr);
    pos.X = NUM2UINT(x);
    pos.Y = NUM2UINT(y);
    if (!SetConsoleCursorPosition((HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(fd), pos)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, 0);
    }
    return io;
}

static VALUE
console_cursor_pos(VALUE io)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    int fd;
    rb_console_size_t ws;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    fd = GetWriteFD(fptr);
    if (!GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo((HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(fd), &ws)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, 0);
    }
    return rb_assoc_new(UINT2NUM(ws.dwCursorPosition.Y), UINT2NUM(ws.dwCursorPosition.X));
}

static VALUE
console_move(VALUE io, int y, int x)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    HANDLE h;
    rb_console_size_t ws;
    COORD *pos = &ws.dwCursorPosition;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    h = (HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(GetWriteFD(fptr));
    if (!GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(h, &ws)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, 0);
    }
    pos->X += x;
    pos->Y += y;
    if (!SetConsoleCursorPosition(h, *pos)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, 0);
    }
    return io;
}

static VALUE
console_goto_column(VALUE io, VALUE val)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    HANDLE h;
    rb_console_size_t ws;
    COORD *pos = &ws.dwCursorPosition;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    h = (HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(GetWriteFD(fptr));
    if (!GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(h, &ws)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, 0);
    }
    pos->X = NUM2INT(val);
    if (!SetConsoleCursorPosition(h, *pos)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, 0);
    }
    return io;
}

static void
constat_clear(HANDLE handle, WORD attr, DWORD len, COORD pos)
{
    DWORD written;

    FillConsoleOutputAttribute(handle, attr, len, pos, &written);
    FillConsoleOutputCharacterW(handle, L' ', len, pos, &written);
}

static VALUE
console_erase_line(VALUE io, VALUE val)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    HANDLE h;
    rb_console_size_t ws;
    COORD *pos = &ws.dwCursorPosition;
    DWORD w;
    int mode = mode_in_range(val, 2, "line erase");

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    h = (HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(GetWriteFD(fptr));
    if (!GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(h, &ws)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, 0);
    }
    w = winsize_col(&ws);
    switch (mode) {
      case 0:			/* after cursor */
	w -= pos->X;
	break;
      case 1:			/* before *and* cursor */
	w = pos->X + 1;
	pos->X = 0;
	break;
      case 2:			/* entire line */
	pos->X = 0;
	break;
    }
    constat_clear(h, ws.wAttributes, w, *pos);
    return io;
}

static VALUE
console_erase_screen(VALUE io, VALUE val)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    HANDLE h;
    rb_console_size_t ws;
    COORD *pos = &ws.dwCursorPosition;
    DWORD w;
    int mode = mode_in_range(val, 3, "screen erase");

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    h = (HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(GetWriteFD(fptr));
    if (!GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(h, &ws)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, 0);
    }
    w = winsize_col(&ws);
    switch (mode) {
      case 0:	/* erase after cursor */
	w = (w * (ws.srWindow.Bottom - pos->Y + 1) - pos->X);
	break;
      case 1:	/* erase before *and* cursor */
	w = (w * (pos->Y - ws.srWindow.Top) + pos->X + 1);
	pos->X = 0;
	pos->Y = ws.srWindow.Top;
	break;
      case 2:	/* erase entire screen */
	w = (w * winsize_row(&ws));
	pos->X = 0;
	pos->Y = ws.srWindow.Top;
	break;
      case 3:	/* erase entire screen */
	w = (w * ws.dwSize.Y);
	pos->X = 0;
	pos->Y = 0;
	break;
    }
    constat_clear(h, ws.wAttributes, w, *pos);
    return io;
}

static VALUE
console_scroll(VALUE io, int line)
{
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    HANDLE h;
    rb_console_size_t ws;

    GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
    h = (HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(GetWriteFD(fptr));
    if (!GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(h, &ws)) {
	rb_syserr_fail(LAST_ERROR, 0);
    }
    if (line) {
	SMALL_RECT scroll;
	COORD destination;
	CHAR_INFO fill;
	scroll.Left = 0;
	scroll.Top = line > 0 ? line : 0;
	scroll.Right = winsize_col(&ws) - 1;
	scroll.Bottom = winsize_row(&ws) - 1 + (line < 0 ? line : 0);
	destination.X = 0;
	destination.Y = line < 0 ? -line : 0;
	fill.Char.UnicodeChar = L' ';
	fill.Attributes = ws.wAttributes;

	ScrollConsoleScreenBuffer(h, &scroll, NULL, destination, &fill);
    }
    return io;
}

#include "win32_vk.inc"

static VALUE
console_key_pressed_p(VALUE io, VALUE k)
{
    int vk = -1;

    if (FIXNUM_P(k)) {
	vk = NUM2UINT(k);
    }
    else {
	const struct vktable *t;
	const char *kn;
	if (SYMBOL_P(k)) {
	    k = rb_sym2str(k);
	    kn = RSTRING_PTR(k);
	}
	else {
	    kn = StringValuePtr(k);
	}
	t = console_win32_vk(kn, RSTRING_LEN(k));
	if (!t || (vk = (short)t->vk) == -1) {
	    rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "unknown virtual key code: % "PRIsVALUE, k);
	}
    }
    return GetKeyState(vk) & 0x80 ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}
#else
struct query_args {
    const char *qstr;
    int opt;
};

static int
direct_query(VALUE io, const struct query_args *query)
{
    if (RB_TYPE_P(io, T_FILE)) {
	rb_io_t *fptr;
	VALUE wio;
	GetOpenFile(io, fptr);
	wio = fptr->tied_io_for_writing;
	if (wio) {
	    VALUE s = rb_str_new_cstr(query->qstr);
	    rb_io_write(wio, s);
	    rb_io_flush(wio);
	    return 1;
	}
	if (write(fptr->fd, query->qstr, strlen(query->qstr)) != -1) {
	    return 1;
	}
	if (fptr->fd == 0 &&
	    write(1, query->qstr, strlen(query->qstr)) != -1) {
	    return 1;
	}
    }
    return 0;
}

static VALUE
read_vt_response(VALUE io, VALUE query)
{
    struct query_args *qargs = (struct query_args *)query;
    VALUE result, b;
    int opt = 0;
    int num = 0;
    if (qargs) {
	opt = qargs->opt;
	if (!direct_query(io, qargs)) return Qnil;
    }
    if (rb_io_getbyte(io) != INT2FIX(0x1b)) return Qnil;
    if (rb_io_getbyte(io) != INT2FIX('[')) return Qnil;
    result = rb_ary_new();
    while (!NIL_P(b = rb_io_getbyte(io))) {
	int c = NUM2UINT(b);
	if (c == ';') {
	    rb_ary_push(result, INT2NUM(num));
	    num = 0;
	}
	else if (ISDIGIT(c)) {
	    num = num * 10 + c - '0';
	}
	else if (opt && c == opt) {
	    opt = 0;
	}
	else {
	    char last = (char)c;
	    rb_ary_push(result, INT2NUM(num));
	    b = rb_str_new(&last, 1);
	    break;
	}
    }
    return rb_ary_push(result, b);
}

static VALUE
console_vt_response(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE io, const struct query_args *qargs)
{
    rawmode_arg_t opts, *optp = rawmode_opt(&argc, argv, 0, 1, &opts);
    VALUE query = (VALUE)qargs;
    VALUE ret = ttymode_with_io(io, read_vt_response, query, set_rawmode, optp);
    return ret;
}

static VALUE
console_cursor_pos(VALUE io)
{
    static const struct query_args query = {"\033[6n", 0};
    VALUE resp = console_vt_response(0, 0, io, &query);
    VALUE row, column, term;
    unsigned int r, c;
    if (!RB_TYPE_P(resp, T_ARRAY) || RARRAY_LEN(resp) != 3) return Qnil;
    term = RARRAY_AREF(resp, 2);
    if (!RB_TYPE_P(term, T_STRING) || RSTRING_LEN(term) != 1) return Qnil;
    if (RSTRING_PTR(term)[0] != 'R') return Qnil;
    row = RARRAY_AREF(resp, 0);
    column = RARRAY_AREF(resp, 1);
    rb_ary_resize(resp, 2);
    r = NUM2UINT(row) - 1;
    c = NUM2UINT(column) - 1;
    RARRAY_ASET(resp, 0, INT2NUM(r));
    RARRAY_ASET(resp, 1, INT2NUM(c));
    return resp;
}

static VALUE
console_goto(VALUE io, VALUE y, VALUE x)
{
    rb_io_write(io, rb_sprintf("\x1b[%d;%dH", NUM2UINT(y)+1, NUM2UINT(x)+1));
    return io;
}

static VALUE
console_move(VALUE io, int y, int x)
{
    if (x || y) {
	VALUE s = rb_str_new_cstr("");
	if (y) rb_str_catf(s, "\x1b[%d%c", y < 0 ? -y : y, y < 0 ? 'A' : 'B');
	if (x) rb_str_catf(s, "\x1b[%d%c", x < 0 ? -x : x, x < 0 ? 'D' : 'C');
	rb_io_write(io, s);
	rb_io_flush(io);
    }
    return io;
}

static VALUE
console_goto_column(VALUE io, VALUE val)
{
    rb_io_write(io, rb_sprintf("\x1b[%dG", NUM2UINT(val)+1));
    return io;
}

static VALUE
console_erase_line(VALUE io, VALUE val)
{
    int mode = mode_in_range(val, 2, "line erase");
    rb_io_write(io, rb_sprintf("\x1b[%dK", mode));
    return io;
}

static VALUE
console_erase_screen(VALUE io, VALUE val)
{
    int mode = mode_in_range(val, 3, "screen erase");
    rb_io_write(io, rb_sprintf("\x1b[%dJ", mode));
    return io;
}

static VALUE
console_scroll(VALUE io, int line)
{
    if (line) {
	VALUE s = rb_sprintf("\x1b[%d%c", line < 0 ? -line : line,
			     line < 0 ? 'T' : 'S');
	rb_io_write(io, s);
    }
    return io;
}
# define console_key_pressed_p rb_f_notimplement
#endif

static VALUE
console_cursor_set(VALUE io, VALUE cpos)
{
    cpos = rb_convert_type(cpos, T_ARRAY, "Array", "to_ary");
    if (RARRAY_LEN(cpos) != 2) rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "expected 2D coordinate");
    return console_goto(io, RARRAY_AREF(cpos, 0), RARRAY_AREF(cpos, 1));
}

static VALUE
console_cursor_up(VALUE io, VALUE val)
{
    return console_move(io, -NUM2INT(val), 0);
}

static VALUE
console_cursor_down(VALUE io, VALUE val)
{
    return console_move(io, +NUM2INT(val), 0);
}

static VALUE
console_cursor_left(VALUE io, VALUE val)
{
    return console_move(io, 0, -NUM2INT(val));
}

static VALUE
console_cursor_right(VALUE io, VALUE val)
{
    return console_move(io, 0, +NUM2INT(val));
}

static VALUE
console_scroll_forward(VALUE io, VALUE val)
{
    return console_scroll(io, +NUM2INT(val));
}

static VALUE
console_scroll_backward(VALUE io, VALUE val)
{
    return console_scroll(io, -NUM2INT(val));
}

static VALUE
console_clear_screen(VALUE io)
{
    console_erase_screen(io, INT2FIX(2));
    console_goto(io, INT2FIX(0), INT2FIX(0));
    return io;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   IO.console      -> #<File:/dev/tty>
 *   IO.console(sym, *args)
 *
 * Returns an File instance opened console.
 *
 * If +sym+ is given, it will be sent to the opened console with
 * +args+ and the result will be returned instead of the console IO
 * itself.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_dev(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE con = 0;
    rb_io_t *fptr;
    VALUE sym = 0;

    rb_check_arity(argc, 0, UNLIMITED_ARGUMENTS);
    if (argc) {
	Check_Type(sym = argv[0], T_SYMBOL);
    }
    if (klass == rb_cIO) klass = rb_cFile;
    if (rb_const_defined(klass, id_console)) {
	con = rb_const_get(klass, id_console);
	if (!RB_TYPE_P(con, T_FILE) ||
	    (!(fptr = RFILE(con)->fptr) || GetReadFD(fptr) == -1)) {
	    rb_const_remove(klass, id_console);
	    con = 0;
	}
    }
    if (sym) {
	if (sym == ID2SYM(id_close) && argc == 1) {
	    if (con) {
		rb_io_close(con);
		rb_const_remove(klass, id_console);
		con = 0;
	    }
	    return Qnil;
	}
    }
    if (!con) {
	VALUE args[2];
#if defined HAVE_TERMIOS_H || defined HAVE_TERMIO_H || defined HAVE_SGTTY_H
# define CONSOLE_DEVICE "/dev/tty"
#elif defined _WIN32
# define CONSOLE_DEVICE "con$"
# define CONSOLE_DEVICE_FOR_READING "conin$"
# define CONSOLE_DEVICE_FOR_WRITING "conout$"
#endif
#ifndef CONSOLE_DEVICE_FOR_READING
# define CONSOLE_DEVICE_FOR_READING CONSOLE_DEVICE
#endif
#ifdef CONSOLE_DEVICE_FOR_WRITING
	VALUE out;
	rb_io_t *ofptr;
#endif
	int fd;

#ifdef CONSOLE_DEVICE_FOR_WRITING
	fd = rb_cloexec_open(CONSOLE_DEVICE_FOR_WRITING, O_RDWR, 0);
	if (fd < 0) return Qnil;
        rb_update_max_fd(fd);
	args[1] = INT2FIX(O_WRONLY);
	args[0] = INT2NUM(fd);
	out = rb_class_new_instance(2, args, klass);
#endif
	fd = rb_cloexec_open(CONSOLE_DEVICE_FOR_READING, O_RDWR, 0);
	if (fd < 0) {
#ifdef CONSOLE_DEVICE_FOR_WRITING
	    rb_io_close(out);
#endif
	    return Qnil;
	}
        rb_update_max_fd(fd);
	args[1] = INT2FIX(O_RDWR);
	args[0] = INT2NUM(fd);
	con = rb_class_new_instance(2, args, klass);
	GetOpenFile(con, fptr);
	fptr->pathv = rb_obj_freeze(rb_str_new2(CONSOLE_DEVICE));
#ifdef CONSOLE_DEVICE_FOR_WRITING
	GetOpenFile(out, ofptr);
	ofptr->pathv = fptr->pathv;
	fptr->tied_io_for_writing = out;
	ofptr->mode |= FMODE_SYNC;
#endif
	fptr->mode |= FMODE_SYNC;
	rb_const_set(klass, id_console, con);
    }
    if (sym) {
	return rb_f_send(argc, argv, con);
    }
    return con;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.getch(min: nil, time: nil)       -> char
 *
 * See IO#getch.
 */
static VALUE
io_getch(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE io)
{
    return rb_funcallv(io, id_getc, argc, argv);
}

#if ENABLE_IO_GETPASS
static VALUE
puts_call(VALUE io)
{
    return rb_io_write(io, rb_default_rs);
}

static VALUE
getpass_call(VALUE io)
{
    return ttymode(io, rb_io_gets, io, set_noecho, NULL);
}

static void
prompt(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE io)
{
    if (argc > 0 && !NIL_P(argv[0])) {
	VALUE str = argv[0];
	StringValueCStr(str);
	rb_io_write(io, str);
    }
}

static VALUE
str_chomp(VALUE str)
{
    if (!NIL_P(str)) {
	str = rb_funcallv(str, rb_intern("chomp!"), 0, 0);
    }
    return str;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.getpass(prompt=nil)       -> string
 *
 * Reads and returns a line without echo back.
 * Prints +prompt+ unless it is +nil+.
 *
 * You must require 'io/console' to use this method.
 */
static VALUE
console_getpass(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE io)
{
    VALUE str, wio;

    rb_check_arity(argc, 0, 1);
    wio = rb_io_get_write_io(io);
    if (wio == io && io == rb_stdin) wio = rb_stderr;
    prompt(argc, argv, wio);
    str = rb_ensure(getpass_call, io, puts_call, wio);
    return str_chomp(str);
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   io.getpass(prompt=nil)       -> string
 *
 * See IO#getpass.
 */
static VALUE
io_getpass(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE io)
{
    VALUE str;

    rb_check_arity(argc, 0, 1);
    prompt(argc, argv, io);
    str = str_chomp(rb_funcallv(io, id_gets, 0, 0));
    puts_call(io);
    return str;
}
#endif

/*
 * IO console methods
 */
void
Init_console(void)
{
#undef rb_intern
    id_getc = rb_intern("getc");
#if ENABLE_IO_GETPASS
    id_gets = rb_intern("gets");
#endif
    id_console = rb_intern("console");
    id_close = rb_intern("close");
    id_min = rb_intern("min");
    id_time = rb_intern("time");
    id_intr = rb_intern("intr");
#ifndef HAVE_RB_F_SEND
    id___send__ = rb_intern("__send__");
#endif
    InitVM(console);
}

void
InitVM_console(void)
{
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "raw", console_raw, -1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "raw!", console_set_raw, -1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "cooked", console_cooked, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "cooked!", console_set_cooked, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "getch", console_getch, -1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "echo=", console_set_echo, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "echo?", console_echo_p, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "console_mode", console_conmode_get, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "console_mode=", console_conmode_set, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "noecho", console_noecho, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "winsize", console_winsize, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "winsize=", console_set_winsize, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "iflush", console_iflush, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "oflush", console_oflush, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "ioflush", console_ioflush, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "beep", console_beep, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "goto", console_goto, 2);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "cursor", console_cursor_pos, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "cursor=", console_cursor_set, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "cursor_up", console_cursor_up, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "cursor_down", console_cursor_down, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "cursor_left", console_cursor_left, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "cursor_right", console_cursor_right, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "goto_column", console_goto_column, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "erase_line", console_erase_line, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "erase_screen", console_erase_screen, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "scroll_forward", console_scroll_forward, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "scroll_backward", console_scroll_backward, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "clear_screen", console_clear_screen, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "pressed?", console_key_pressed_p, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "check_winsize_changed", console_check_winsize_changed, 0);
#if ENABLE_IO_GETPASS
    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "getpass", console_getpass, -1);
#endif
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cIO, "console", console_dev, -1);
    {
	VALUE mReadable = rb_define_module_under(rb_cIO, "generic_readable");
	rb_define_method(mReadable, "getch", io_getch, -1);
#if ENABLE_IO_GETPASS
	rb_define_method(mReadable, "getpass", io_getpass, -1);
#endif
    }
    {
	/* :stopdoc: */
        cConmode = rb_define_class_under(rb_cIO, "ConsoleMode", rb_cObject);
        rb_define_alloc_func(cConmode, conmode_alloc);
        rb_undef_method(cConmode, "initialize");
        rb_define_method(cConmode, "initialize_copy", conmode_init_copy, 1);
        rb_define_method(cConmode, "echo=", conmode_set_echo, 1);
        rb_define_method(cConmode, "raw!", conmode_set_raw, -1);
        rb_define_method(cConmode, "raw", conmode_raw_new, -1);
	/* :startdoc: */
    }
}