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# -*- rdoc -*-

= NEWS for Ruby 2.7.0

This document is a list of user visible feature changes made between
releases except for bug fixes.

Note that each entry is kept so brief that no reason behind or reference
information is supplied with.  For a full list of changes with all
sufficient information, see the ChangeLog file or Redmine
(e.g. <tt>https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/$FEATURE_OR_BUG_NUMBER</tt>)

== Changes since the 2.6.0 release

=== Language changes

* Pattern matching is introduced as an experimental feature. [Feature #14912]

* Method reference operator, <code>.:</code> is introduced as an
  experimental feature.  [Feature #12125] [Feature #13581]

* Proc.new and proc with no block in a method called with a block is warned
  now.

* lambda with no block in a method called with a block errs.

* Non-Symbol keys in a keyword arguments hash were prohibited in 2.6.0,
  but are now allowed again.  [Bug #15658]

* Numbered parameter as the default block parameter is introduced as an
  experimental feature.  [Feature #4475]

* A beginless range is experimentally introduced.  It might not be as useful
  as an endless range, but would be good for DSL purpose.  [Feature #14799]

     ary[..3]  # identical to ary[0..3]
     where(sales: ..100)

* Setting <code>$;</code> to non-nil value is warned now.  Use of it in
  String#split is warned too.

* Setting <code>$,</code> to non-nil value is warned now.  Use of it in
  Array#join is warned too.

* Quoted here-document identifier must end within the same line.

     <<"EOS
     " # This has been warned since 2.4
     EOS

* Pipeline operator is experimentally added.

  This code equals to the next code.

     foo()
      |> bar 1, 2
      |> display

     foo()
      .bar(1, 2)
      .display

* The flip-flop syntax deprecation is reverted. [Feature #5400]

=== Core classes updates (outstanding ones only)

Complex::

  New method::

    * Added Complex#<=>. So 0 <=> 0i will not raise NoMethodError.
      [Bug #15857]

Encoding::

  * Added new encoding CESU-8 [Feature #15931]

Enumerable::

  New methods::

    * Added Enumerable#filter_map.  [Feature #15323]

    * Added Enumerable#tally.  [Feature #11076]

Enumerator::

  New method::

    * Added Enumerator::Yielder#to_proc so that a Yielder object
      can be directly passed to another method as a block
      argument.  [Feature #15618]

FrozenError::

  New method::

    * Added FrozenError#receiver to return the frozen object that
      modification was attempted on.  To set this object when raising
      FrozenError in Ruby code, pass it as the second argument to
      FrozenError.new.

GC::

  New method::

    * Added GC.compact method for compacting the heap.
      This function compacts live objects in the heap so that fewer pages may
      be used, and the heap may be more CoW friendly. [Feature #15626]

      Details on the algorithm and caveats can be found here:
      https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/issues/15626

IO::

  New method::

    * Added IO#set_encoding_by_bom to check the BOM and set the external
      encoding.  [Bug #15210]

Integer::

  Modified method::

    * Integer#[] now supports range operation.  [Feature #8842]

         0b01001101[2, 4]  #=> 0b0011
         0b01001100[2..5]  #=> 0b0011
         0b01001100[2...6] #=> 0b0011
             ^^^^

Module::

  New method::

    * Added Module#const_source_location to retrieve the location where a
      constant is defined.  [Feature #10771]

  Modified method::

    * Module#autoload? now takes an +inherit+ optional argument, like as
      Module#const_defined?.  [Feature #15777]

Regexp / String::

    * Update Unicode version and Emoji version from 11.0.0 to
      12.0.0.  [Feature #15321]

    * Update Unicode version to 12.1.0, adding support for
      U+32FF SQUARE ERA NAME REIWA.  [Feature #15195]

Time::

    * Added Time#ceil method.  [Feature #15772]

    * Added Time#floor method.  [Feature #15653]

$LOAD_PATH::

    * Added $LOAD_PATH.resolve_feature_path.  [Feature #15903] [Feature #15230]

=== Stdlib updates (outstanding ones only)

Bundler::

  * Upgrade to Bundler 2.1.0.pre.1
    Bundled from https://github.com/bundler/bundler/commit/a53709556b95a914e874b22ed2116a46b0528852

CGI::

  * CGI.escapeHTML becomes 2~5x faster when there's at least one escaped character.

CSV::

  * Upgrade to 3.0.9.
    See https://github.com/ruby/csv/blob/master/NEWS.md.

Date::

  * Date.jisx0301, Date#jisx0301, and Date.parse support the new Japanese
    era.  [Feature #15742]

Delegator::

  * Object#DelegateClass accepts a block and module_evals it in the context
    of the returned class, similar to Class.new and Struct.new.

ERB::

  * Prohibit marshaling ERB instance.

IRB::

  * Introduce syntax highlight inspired by pry.gem to Binding#irb source lines,
    REPL input, and inspect output of some core-class objects.

Net::IMAP::

  * Add Server Name Indication (SNI) support.  [Feature #15594]

open-uri::

  * Warn open-uri's "open" method at Kernel.
    Use URI.open instead.

Pathname:

  * Delegates 3 arguments from Pathname.glob to Dir.glob to
    accept base: keyword.

Racc::

  * Merge 1.4.15 from upstream repository and added cli of racc.

RSS::

  * Upgrade to RSS 0.2.8.
    See https://github.com/ruby/rss/blob/master/NEWS.md.

RubyGems::

  * Upgrade to RubyGems 3.1.0.pre1
    Bundled from https://github.com/rubygems/rubygems/commit/97b264f0fa248c864b6ee9a23d3ff1cdd217dddb

=== Compatibility issues (excluding feature bug fixes)

=== Stdlib compatibility issues (excluding feature bug fixes)

profile.rb, Profiler__::

  * Removed from standard library. No one maintains it from Ruby 2.0.0.

=== C API updates

=== Implementation improvements

Thread::

  * VM stack memory allocation is now combined with native thread stack,
    improving thread allocation performance and reducing allocation related
    failures. ~10x performance improvement was measured in micro-benchmarks.

JIT::

  * JIT-ed code is recompiled to less-optimized code when an optimization assumption is invalidated.

  * Method inlining is performed when a method is considered as pure.
    This optimization is still experimental and many methods are NOT considered as pure yet.

  * Default value of +--jit-max-cache+ is changed from 1,000 to 100

  * Default value of +--jit-min-calls+ is changed from 5 to 10,000

=== Miscellaneous changes

* Support for IA64 architecture has been removed. Hardware for testing was
  difficult to find, native fiber code is difficult to implement, and it added
  non-trivial complexity to the interpreter. [Feature #15894]

* Require compilers to support C99 [Misc #15347]

  * Details of our dialect: https://bugs.ruby-lang.org/projects/ruby-trunk/wiki/C99

* Upstream repository is changed from Subversion to Git.

  * https://git.ruby-lang.org/ruby.git

  * RUBY_REVISION class is changed from Integer to String.

  * RUBY_DESCRIPTION includes Git revision instead of Subversion's one.