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# -*- rdoc -*-

= NEWS for Ruby 2.3.0

This document is a list of user visible feature changes made between
releases except for bug fixes.

Note that each entry is kept so brief that no reason behind or
reference information is supplied with.  For a full list of changes
with all sufficient information, see the ChangeLog file.

== Changes since the 2.2.0 release

=== Language changes

* frozen-string-literal pragma:

  * new pragma, frozen-string-literal has been experimentally introduced.
    [Feature #8976]
  * besides, --enable/--disable=frozen-string-literal options also have
    been introduced. [Feature #8976]
  * command line options --debug or --debug=frozen-string-literal enable
    additional debugging mode which shows created location with at frozen
    object error (RuntimeError).
    [Feature #11725]

* safe navigation operator:

  * new method call syntax, `object&.foo', method #foo is called on
    `object' if it is not nil.
    this is similar to `try!' in Active Support, except:
    * method name is syntactically required
          obj.try! {} # valid
          obj&. {}    # syntax error
    * arguments are evaluated only if a call is made:
          obj.try!(:foo, bar())  # bar() is always evaluated
          obj&.foo(bar())        # bar() is conditionally evaluated
    * attribute assignment is valid
          obj&.attr += 1
    [Feature #11537]

* indented here document:

  * new string literal, here document starts with `<<~`.
    refer doc/syntax/literals.rdoc for more details.
    [Feature #9098]

=== Core classes updates (outstanding ones only)

* ARGF

  * ARGF.read_nonblock supports `exception: false' like IO#read_nonblock.
    [Feature #11358]

* Array

  * Array#bsearch_index [Feature #10730]
  * Array#dig [Feature #11643]

* Comparable

  * Comparable#== no longer rescues exceptions [Feature #7688]

* Encoding

  * new Encoding::IBM037 (alias ebcdic-cp-us; dummy)

* Enumerable

  * Enumerable#grep_v is added as inverse version of Enumerable#grep.
    [Feature #11049]
  * Enumerable#chunk_while [Feature #10769]

* Enumerator::Lazy

  * Enumerator::Lazy#grep_v [Feature #11773]

* File

  * File.mkfifo [Feature #11536]
  * Add File::TMPFILE corresponding to O_TMPFILE

* Hash

  * Hash#fetch_values [Feature #10017]
  * Hash#dig [Feature #11643]
  * Hash#<=, Hash#<, Hash#>=, Hash#> [Feature #10984]
  * Hash#to_proc [Feature #11653]

* IO

  * new mode flag File::SHARE_DELETE is available.
    this flag means to permit deleting opened file on Windows, but currently
    this affect only files opened as binary.  [Feature #11218]

  * new option parameter `flags' is added.
    this parameter is bitwise-ORed to oflags generated by normal mode argument.
    [Feature #11253]

  * IO#advise no longer raises Errno::ENOSYS in cases where it was
    detected at build time but not available at runtime.  [Feature #11806]

* Kernel

  * Kernel#loop, when stopped by a StopIteration exception, returns
    what the enumerator has returned instead of nil. [Feature #11498]

* Module
  * Module#deprecate_constant [Feature #11398]

* NameError
  * NameError#receiver is added to take the receiver object. [Feature #10881]

* Numeric

  * Numeric#positive? and Numeric#negative? are added, which return
    true when the receiver is positive and negative respectively.
    [Feature #11151]

* Proc

  * Proc#call (and also #[], #===, #yield) are optimized.
    Backtrace doesn't show each method (show block lines directly).
    TracePoint also ignores these calls. [Feature #11569]

* Queue (Thread::Queue)

  * Queue#close is added to notice a termination. [Feature #10600]

* Regexp/String: Updated Unicode version from 7.0.0 to 8.0.0

* RubyVM::InstructionSequence
  * add the following methods as a primitive tool of iseq loader.
    See sample/iseq_loader.rb for usage.
    Note that loader does not have verifier so it is easy to cause
    critical problem by loading modified/broken binary data.
    See [Feature #11788] for more details. (experimental feature)
    * RubyVM::InstructionSequence#to_binary(extra_data = nil)
    * RubyVM::InstructionSequence.load_from_binary(binary)
    * RubyVM::InstructionSequence.load_from_binary_extra_data(binary)

* String

  * String#+@ and String#-@ are added to get mutable/frozen strings.
    [Feature #11782]

  * String.new now accepts new option parameter `encoding'.
    [Feature #11785]

* Struct
  * Struct#dig [Feature #11688]

* Thread
  * Thread#name, Thread#name= are added to handle thread names [Feature #11251]

=== Core classes compatibility issues (excluding feature bug fixes)

* Array
  * Array#select!, Array#keep_if, Array#reject!, and Array#delete_if
    no longer changes the receiver array instantly every time the
    block is called.  [Feature #10714]

  * Array#flatten and Array#flatten! no longer try to call #to_ary
    method on elements beyond the given level.  [Bug #10748]

  * Array#inspect doesn't raise error even if its content returns
    a string which is not compatible with Encoding.default_external
    as inspected result. [Feature #11801]

* Enumerable
  * Enumerable#chunk and Enumerable#slice_before no longer takes the
    initial_state argument.  [Feature #10958]
    Use a local variable instead to maintain a state.

* File::Stat
  * On Windows File::Stat#ino always returned 0, but now returns
    BY_HANDLE_FILE_INFORMATION.nFileIndexHigh/Low.  [Feature #11216]

* Hash
  * Hash#inspect doesn't raise error even if its content returns
    a string which is not compatible with Encoding.default_external
    as inspected result. [Feature #11801]

* IO
  * IO#close doesn't raise when the IO object is closed.  [Feature #10718]
  * IO#each_codepoint raises an exception at incomplete character
    before EOF when conversion takes place.  [Bug #11444]

* Module
  * Module#define_method and Object.define_singleton_method now
    require method body, Proc, Method, or a block, and raise
    ArgumentError if no block is given directly.  [Bug #11283]

* pack/unpack (Array/String)
  * j and J directives for pointer width integer type.  [Feature #11215]


=== Stdlib updates (outstanding ones only)

* Logger

  * Logger#level= now supports symbol and string levels such as :debug, :info,
    :warn, :error, :fatal (case insensitive) [Feature #11695]
  * Logger#reopen is added to reopen a log device. [Feature #11696]

* io/wait
  * IO#wait_readable no longer checks FIONREAD, it may be used for
    non-bytestream IO such as listen sockets.

* Net::FTP
  * Net::FTP#mlst is added.
  * Net::FTP#mlsd is added.

* nkf
  * Merge nkf 2.1.4.

* ObjectSpace (objspace)
  * ObjectSpace.count_symbols is added.
  * ObjectSpace.count_imemo_objects is added.
  * ObjectSpace.internal_class_of is added.
  * ObjectSpace.internal_super_of is added.

* OpenSSL
  * OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket#accept_nonblock and
    OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket#connect_nonblock supports `exception: false`.

* Pathname
  * Pathname#descend and Pathname#ascend supported blockless form.
    [Feature #11052]

* Socket
  * Socket#connect_nonblock, Socket#accept_nonblock,
    TCPServer#accept_nonblock, UNIXServer#accept_nonblock,
    BasicSocket#recv_nonblock, BasicSocket#recvmsg_nonblock,
    BasicSocket#sendmsg_nonblock all support `exception: false` to return
    :wait_readable or :wait_writable symbols instead of raising
    IO::WaitReadable or IO::WaitWritable exceptions
  * BasicSocket#recv and BasicSocket#recv_nonblock allow an output
    String buffer argument like IO#read and IO#read_nonblock to reduce
    GC overhead

* StringIO
  * In read-only mode, StringIO#set_encoding no longer sets the encoding
    of its buffer string.  Setting the encoding of the string directly
    without StringIO#set_encoding may cause unpredictable behavior now.
    [Bug #11827]

* timeout
  * Object#timeout is now warned as deprecated when called.

=== Stdlib compatibility issues (excluding feature bug fixes)

* ext/coverage/coverage.c
  * Coverage.peek_result: new method to allow coverage to be captured without
    stopping the coverage tool.  [Feature #10816]

* Fiddle
  * Fiddle::Function#call releases the GVL.  [Feature #11607]

* io-console
  * Update to io-console 0.4.4

* lib/base64.rb
  * Base64.urlsafe_encode64: added a "padding" option to suppress
    the padding character ("=").  [Feature #10740]
  * Base64.urlsafe_decode64: now it accepts not only correctly-padded
    input but also unpadded input.  [Feature #10740]

* lib/drb/drb.rb
  * removed unused argument. https://github.com/ruby/ruby/pull/515

* lib/matrix.rb
  * Add Vector#round. https://github.com/ruby/ruby/pull/802

* lib/webrick/utils.rb
  * removed unused argument. https://github.com/ruby/ruby/pull/356

* Net::FTP
  * Connections are in passive mode per default now.  The default mode can
    be changed by Net::FTP.default_passive=.  [Feature #11612]

* Net::HTTP
  * default value of Net::HTTP#open_timeout is now 60 (was nil).

* Net::Telnet
  * Net::Telnet is extracted to net-telnet gem. It's unmaintain code.
    [Feature #11083]

* Psych
  * Updated to Psych 2.0.17

* Rake
  * Rake is removed from stdlib.  [Feature #11025]

* RDoc
  * Updated to RDoc 4.2.1.  For full release notes see:

    https://github.com/rdoc/rdoc/blob/master/History.rdoc#421--2015-12-22

* RubyGems
  * Updated to RubyGems 2.5.1.  For full release notes see:

    http://docs.seattlerb.org/rubygems/History_txt.html#label-2.5.0+-2F+2015-11-03
    and
    http://docs.seattlerb.org/rubygems/History_txt.html#label-2.5.1+-2F+2015-12-10

=== Built-in global variables compatibility issues

* $SAFE
  * $SAFE=2 and $SAFE=3 are obsolete.  If $SAFE is set to 2 or larger,
    an ArgumentError is raised.  [Feature #5455]

=== C API updates

* rb_define_class_id_under() now raises a TypeError exception when the
  class is already defined but its superclass does not match the given
  superclass, as well as definitions in ruby level.

* rb_timespec_now() is added to fetch current datetime as struct timespec.
  [Feature #11558]

* rb_time_timespec_new() is added to create a time object with epoch,
  nanosecond, and UTC/localtime/time offset arguments.  [Feature #11558]

* rb_autoload() deprecated, use rb_funcall() instead.  [Feature #11664]

=== Build system updates

=== Implementation changes

* OS/2 is no longer supported

* BeOS is no longer supported

* Borland-C is no longer supported

* Haiku now stable and best effort