path: root/doc/syntax/methods.rdoc
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Diffstat (limited to 'doc/syntax/methods.rdoc')
1 files changed, 82 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/doc/syntax/methods.rdoc b/doc/syntax/methods.rdoc
index a86576c4a1c..15f1ef007d7 100644
--- a/doc/syntax/methods.rdoc
+++ b/doc/syntax/methods.rdoc
@@ -11,7 +11,79 @@ A method definition consists of the +def+ keyword, a method name, the body of
the method, then the +end+ keyword. When called the method will execute the
body of the method. This method returns +2+.
-== Return values
+== Method Names
+Method names may be one of the operators or must start a letter or a character
+with the eight bit set. Typically method names are US-ASCII compatible since
+the keys to type them exist on all keyboards.
+(Ruby programs must be written in a US-ASCII-compatible character set. In
+such character sets if the eight bit is set it indicates an extended
+character. Ruby allows method names and other identifiers to contain such
+Method names may contain letters, numbers, an <code>_</code> (underscore or
+low line) or a character with the eight bit set.
+Method names may end with a <code>!</code> (bang or exclamation mark), a
+<code>?</code> (question mark) or <code>=</code> equals sign.
+In the ruby core library when a method ends with a bang it indicates there is
+a non-bang method that has does not modify the receiver. This is typically
+true for the standard library but does not hold true for other ruby libraries.
+Methods that end with a question mark do not always return just +true+ or
++false+. Often they will may return an object to indicate a true value (or
+"truthy" value).
+Methods that end with an equals sign indicate an assignment method. For
+assignment methods the return value is ignored, the arguments are returned
+These are method names for the various ruby operators. Each of these
+operators accept only one argument. Following the operator is the typical
+use or name of the operator. Creating an alternate meaning for the operator
+may lead to confusion as the user expects plus to add things, minus to
+subtract things, etc. Additionally, you cannot alter the precedence of the
+<code>+</code> :: add
+<code>-</code> :: subtract
+<code>*</code> :: multiply
+<code>**</code> :: power
+<code>/</code> :: divide
+<code>%</code> :: modulus division, String#%
+<code>&</code> :: AND
+<code>^</code> :: XOR (exclusive OR)
+<code>>></code> :: right-shift
+<code><<</code> :: left-shift, append
+<code>==</code> :: equal
+<code>!=</code> :: not equal
+<code>===</code> :: case equality. See Object#===
+<code>=~</code> :: pattern match. (Not just for regular expressions)
+<code>!~</code> :: does not match
+<code><=></code> :: comparison aka spaceship operator. See Comparable
+<code><</code> :: less-than
+<code><=</code> :: less-than or equal
+<code>></code> :: greater-than
+<code>>=</code> :: greater-than or equal
+To define unary methods minus, plus, tilde and not (<code>!</code>) follow the
+operator with an <code>@</code> as in <code>+@</code> or <code>!@<code>:
+ class C
+ def -@
+ puts "you inverted this object"
+ end
+ end
+ obj =
+ -obj # prints "you inverted this object"
+Unary methods accept zero arguments.
+== Return Values
By default, a method returns the last expression that was evaluated in the body
of the method. In the example above, the last (and only) expression evaluated
@@ -30,6 +102,15 @@ evaluated.
1 + 1 # this expression is never evaluated
+Note that for assignment methods the return value will always be ignored.
+Instead the argument will be returned:
+ def a=(value)
+ return 1 + value
+ end
+ p(a = 5) # prints 5
== Scope
The standard syntax to define a method: